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We previously reviewed the cardiovascular safety of 16 tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), approved for use in oncology as of 30 September 2012. Since then, the indications for some of them have been widened and an additional nine TKIs have also been approved as of 30 April 2015. Eight of these nine are indicated for use in oncology and one (nintedanib) for(More)
QT interval prolongation is so frequently associated with torsades de pointes (TdP) that it has come to be recognized as a surrogate marker of this unique tachyarrhythmia. However, not only does TdP not always follow QT interval prolongation, but TdP can occur even in the absence of a prolonged QT interval. Worse still, even shortening of the QT interval(More)
The development of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) represents a major milestone in oncology. However, their use has been found to be associated with serious toxicities that impinge on various vital organs including the heart. Sixteen TKIs have been approved for use in oncology as of 30 September 2012, and a large number of others are in development or(More)
Patterns of seasonal variation in births in some neuropsychiatric conditions have been found in previous research; however, no study to date has examined these disorders for seasonal variation in singletons and multiple births separately. This study aimed to determine whether the birth date distribution for individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD),(More)
Drug-induced QT interval prolongation with or without Torsade de Pointes has led to the withdrawal, or severe prescribing restrictions being placed on the use, of many drugs. Other drugs have been denied regulatory approval because of their 'QT liability'. This mechanism-based toxicity results principally from inhibition of IKr, the rapid component of(More)
We analyzed the cost-effectiveness of the International Conference on Harmonisation (ICH) E14 guideline that requires a thorough QT/QTc (TQT) study for all drugs under development. We compared two pharmacoeconomic scenarios: the health effects and costs resulting from implementing ICH E14 ("regulation" scenario) vs. not implementing ICH E14 ("no regulation"(More)
Observations over the later half of the last century have suggested that genetic factors may be the prime determinant of drug response, at least for some drugs. Retrospectively gathered data have provided further support to the notion that genotype-based prescribing will improve the overall efficacy rates and minimize adverse drug reactions (ADRs), making(More)
Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have revolutionized the treatment of certain forms of cancers, raising hopes for many patients with otherwise unresponsive tumours. While these agents are generally well tolerated, clinical experience with them has highlighted their unexpected association with serious toxic effects on various organs such as the heart,(More)
Drug-induced torsade de pointes (TdP) has proved to be a significant iatro-genic cause of morbidity and mortality and a major reason for the withdrawal of a number of drugs from the market in recent times. Enzymes that metabolise many of these drugs and the potassium channels that are responsible for cardiac repolarisation display genetic polymorphisms.(More)