Rashmi R Shah

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QT interval prolongation is so frequently associated with torsades de pointes (TdP) that it has come to be recognized as a surrogate marker of this unique tachyarrhythmia. However, not only does TdP not always follow QT interval prolongation, but TdP can occur even in the absence of a prolonged QT interval. Worse still, even shortening of the QT interval(More)
QT interval of the electrocardiogram (ECG) reflects the duration of the ventricular action potential. It is prolonged usually when there is delayed repolarisation due to diminished outward potassium current during phase 2 and 3 of the action potential. Clinically, it is an important pharmacological effect of a drug. This effect, when exerted in a carefully(More)
Patterns of seasonal variation in births in some neuropsychiatric conditions have been found in previous research; however, no study to date has examined these disorders for seasonal variation in singletons and multiple births separately. This study aimed to determine whether the birth date distribution for individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD),(More)
Regulatory concerns on the ability of an ever-increasing number of non-antiarrhythmic drugs to delay ventricular repolarisation, prolong the corrected QT (QTc) interval and induce potentially fatal ventricular tachyarrhythmias have culminated in the adoption of two, internationally harmonised, regulatory guidelines. On 12 May 2005, the International(More)
The development of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) represents a major milestone in oncology. However, their use has been found to be associated with serious toxicities that impinge on various vital organs including the heart. Sixteen TKIs have been approved for use in oncology as of 30 September 2012, and a large number of others are in development or(More)
We previously reviewed the cardiovascular safety of 16 tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs), approved for use in oncology as of 30 September 2012. Since then, the indications for some of them have been widened and an additional nine TKIs have also been approved as of 30 April 2015. Eight of these nine are indicated for use in oncology and one (nintedanib) for(More)
Perhexiline maleate is an antianginal agent which depends on hepatic oxidation for its elimination. Its use may be complicated by the development of peripheral neuropathy and liver damage. The majority of patients with perhexiline neuropathy have an impaired ability to effect metabolic drug oxidation which is genetically determined. Information has not been(More)
We analyzed the cost-effectiveness of the International Conference on Harmonisation (ICH) E14 guideline that requires a thorough QT/QTc (TQT) study for all drugs under development. We compared two pharmacoeconomic scenarios: the health effects and costs resulting from implementing ICH E14 ("regulation" scenario) vs. not implementing ICH E14 ("no regulation"(More)
  • Rashmi R Shah
  • Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society…
  • 2005
Pharmacogenetic factors operate at pharmacokinetic as well as pharmacodynamic levels-the two components of the dose-response curve of a drug. Polymorphisms in drug metabolizing enzymes, transporters and/or pharmacological targets of drugs may profoundly influence the dose-response relationship between individuals. For some drugs, although retrospective data(More)