Rashika Joshi

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Ghrelin, a 28-residue octanoylated peptide recently isolated from the stomach, exhibits anti-cachectic properties through regulating food intake, energy expenditure, adiposity, growth hormone secretion and immune response. Burn injury induces persistent hypermetabolism and muscle wasting. We therefore hypothesized that ghrelin may also play a role in the(More)
Although ghrelin and GHRP-2 have been shown to inhibit skeletal muscle proteolysis in rats with burn injury, the effects of des-acyl ghrelin (DAG) have not been reported. In this paper, we demonstrate that continuous 24h administration of DAG attenuated burn-induced EDL muscle proteolysis, and normalized elevated TNFα mRNA. Combined treatment of cultured(More)
Despite its potential importance in obesity and related disorders, little is known about regulation of lipogenesis in human adipose tissue. To investigate this area at the molecular and mechanistic levels, we studied lipogenesis and the regulation of 1 of its core enzymes, fatty acid synthase (FAS), in human adipose tissue in response to hormonal and(More)
Lung stretch is critical for normal lung development and for compensatory lung growth after pneumonectomy (PNX), but the mechanisms by which strain induces matrix remodeling are unclear. Our prior work demonstrated an association of chymotrypsin-like elastase 1 (Cela1) with lung elastin remodeling, and that strain triggered a near-instantaneous(More)
Synthesis and remodeling of the lung matrix is necessary for primary and compensatory lung growth. Because cyclic negative force is applied to developing lung tissue during the respiratory cycle, we hypothesized that stretch is a critical regulator of lung matrix remodeling. By using quantitative image analysis of whole-lung and whole-lobe elastin in situ(More)
Targeting non-oncogenic vulnerabilities may provide additional therapeutic approaches in tumors that are resistant to oncogene-targeted therapy. Using a computational pathway-based approach, we interrogated clinical breast cancer genomic data sets for candidate non-oncogenic vulnerabilities in breast cancers that have genomic amplification of ERBB2, which(More)
Treatment of rats after burn-injury with the cyclic AMP phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitor, torbafylline (also known as HWA 448) significantly reversed changes in rat skeletal muscle proteolysis, PDE4 activity, cAMP concentrations and mRNA expression of TNFα, IL-6, ubiquitin and E3 ligases. Torbafylline also attenuated muscle proteolysis during in vitro(More)
We previously determined that ghrelin synthesis was downregulated after burn injury and that exogenous ghrelin retained its ability both to stimulate food intake and to restore plasma growth hormone levels in burned rats. These observations and the finding that anabolic hormones can attenuate skeletal muscle catabolism led us to investigate whether ghrelin(More)
Thermal injury results in hypermetabolism, loss of body weight, and skeletal muscle wasting in mice and rats. Our earlier studies have demonstrated that ghrelin injection stimulates food intake and growth hormone release and inhibits skeletal muscle proteolysis in rats with thermal injury. We sought to develop a lower molecular weight, stable and longer(More)
Peripheral administration of the endogenous Y(2) and Y(4) receptor selective agonists, PYY(3-36) and PP, have been shown to inhibit food intake and body weight gain in rodents, and to reduce appetite and caloric intake in humans. We have previously developed a long-acting, potent and highly selective Y(2) receptor selective agonist, N-alpha-Ac-[Nle(24,28),(More)