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BACKGROUND Free-radical-generated F2-isoprostane stimulates DNA synthesis and endothelin-1 (ET-1) expression on endothelial cells. 8-Iso-prostaglandin F2alpha (8-iso-PGF2alpha) is a member of the recently discovered family of prostanoids, the F2-isoprostanes, produced in vivo by cyclooxygenase-independent, free-radical-catalyzed lipid peroxidation. The goal(More)
BACKGROUND The recently discovered arachidonic acid derivatives, isoprostanes, are increased in pathological conditions associated with oxidative stress, such as diabetes. No role has yet been described for isoprostanes during the development of diabetic nephropathy. Cell culture in high ambient glucose has been used as a model in elucidating cellular(More)
Multiple myeloma is an incurable malignant disorder of mature B-cells that predominantly affects the elderly. The immunomodulatory drug (IMiD) thalidomide and its newer analogs demonstrate increased antitumor activity, and have had a positive impact on the natural history of multiple myeloma. Recent advances in the clinical application of these agents and(More)
The introduction of bortezomib, a first-generation proteasome inhibitor, changed the standard-of-care for newly diagnosed and relapsed multiple myeloma patients. The next generation of proteasome inhibitors, such as carfilzomib, provides a novel pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic profile. In vitro data suggest a more specific and irreversible inhibition of(More)
Peripheral T cell lymphoma (PTCL) is a heterogeneous malignancy with poor response to current therapeutic strategies and incompletely characterized genetics. We conducted whole exome sequencing of matched PTCL and non-malignant samples from 12 patients, spanning 8 subtypes, to identify potential oncogenic mutations in PTCL. Analysis of the mutations(More)
As patient expectation is rising, surgery is being considered more frequently for Achilles tendinopathy. Traditional open interventions have a significant morbidity, rising interest in less invasive techniques. This review discusses some of the current concepts and controversies in the management and pathology of tendinopathy of the Achilles tendon.
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