Rashid S. Syed

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Human erythropoietin is a haematopoietic cytokine required for the differentiation and proliferation of precursor cells into red blood cells. It activates cells by binding and orientating two cell-surface erythropoietin receptors (EPORs) which trigger an intracellular phosphorylation cascade. The half-maximal response in a cellular proliferation assay is(More)
Cellular and physiological responses to changes in dioxygen levels in metazoans are mediated via the posttranslational oxidation of hypoxia-inducible transcription factor (HIF). Hydroxylation of conserved prolyl residues in the HIF-alpha subunit, catalyzed by HIF prolyl-hydroxylases (PHDs), signals for its proteasomal degradation. The requirement of the(More)
Stem cell factor (SCF) is an early-acting hematopoietic cytokine that elicits multiple biological effects. SCF is dimeric and occurs in soluble and membrane-bound forms. It transduces signals by ligand- mediated dimerization of its receptor, Kit, which is a receptor tyrosine kinase related to the receptors for platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF),(More)
The solution structure of human erythropoietin (EPO) has been determined by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and the overall topology of the protein is revealed as a novel combination of features taken from both the long-chain and short-chain families of hematopoietic growth factors. Using the structure and data from mutagenesis studies we have(More)
Co-crystals are relatively novel in the pharmaceutical field and are not reported extensively. AMG 517 is an insoluble small molecule VR1 (vanilloid receptor 1) antagonist. In animal studies, good exposure of AMG 517 is seen from a 10% (w/v) Pluronic F108 in OraPlus suspension. Investigation of the suspension formulation revealed that AMG 517 forms a(More)
Hepcidin is a tightly folded 25-residue peptide hormone containing four disulfide bonds, which has been shown to act as the principal regulator of iron homeostasis in vertebrates. We used multiple techniques to demonstrate a disulfide bonding pattern for hepcidin different from that previously published. All techniques confirmed the following disulfide bond(More)
Soluble Escherichia coli-derived recombinant human stem cell factor (rhSCF) forms a non-covalently associated dimer. We have determined a dimer association constant (Ka) of 2-4 x 10(8) M-1, using sedimentation equilibrium and size exclusion chromatography. SCF has been shown previously to be present at concentrations of approximately 3.3 ng/ml in human(More)
Inhibition of tumor-induced angiogenesis is a promising strategy in anticancer research. Neovascularization is a process required for both tumor growth and metastasis. Enhanced understanding of the underlying molecular mechanisms has led to the discovery of a variety of pharmaceutically attractive targets. Decades of investigation suggest that vascular(More)
Thiazolones with an exo-norbornylamine at the 2-position and an isopropyl group on the 5-position are potent 11beta-HSD1 inhibitors. However, the C-5 center was prone to epimerization in vitro and in vivo, forming a less potent diastereomer. A methyl group was added to the C-5 position to eliminate epimerization, leading to the discovery of(More)
Investigations into the structure-activity relationships (SAR) of a series of phthalazine-based inhibitors of p38 are described. These efforts originated from quinazoline 1 and through rational design led to the development of a series of orally bioavailable, potent, and selective inhibitors. Kinase selectivity was achieved by exploiting a collection of(More)