Rashid Giniatullin

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Nicotinic ACh receptors (nAChRs) can undergo desensitization, a reversible reduction in response during sustained agonist application. Although the mechanism of desensitization remains incompletely understood, recent investigations have elucidated new properties underlying desensitization, indicating that it might be important to control synaptic efficacy,(More)
Astrocytes appear to communicate with each other as well as with neurons via ATP. However, the mechanisms of ATP release are controversial. To explore whether stimuli that increase [Ca(2+)](i) also trigger vesicular ATP release from astrocytes, we labeled ATP-containing vesicles with the fluorescent dye quinacrine, which exhibited a significant(More)
Using whole-cell patch-clamp recording and intracellular Ca(2+) imaging of rat cultured DRG neurons, we studied the cross talk between GABA(A) and P2X receptors. A rapidly fading current was the main response to ATP, whereas GABA elicited slowly desensitizing inward currents. Coapplication of these agonists produced a total current much smaller than the(More)
1. The effects of exogenous ATP or adenosine on end-plate currents (e.p.cs; evoked by simultaneous action of a few hundred quanta of ACh) or on miniature e.p.cs (m.e.p.cs) were studied under voltage clamp conditions on frog sartorius muscle fibres. 2. ATP or adenosine (100 microM(-1) mM) reduced the e.p.c. amplitude but did not affect m.e.p.c. amplitude,(More)
BACKGROUND Cultured sensory neurons are a common experimental model to elucidate the molecular mechanisms of pain transduction typically involving activation of ATP-sensitive P2X or capsaicin-sensitive TRPV1 receptors. This applies also to trigeminal ganglion neurons that convey pain inputs from head tissues. Little is, however, known about the plasticity(More)
We have shown previously that ATP inhibits transmitter release at the neuromuscular junction through the action on metabotropic P2Y receptors coupled to specific second messenger cascades. In the present study we recorded K(+) or Ca(2+) currents in motor nerve endings or blocked K(+) or Ca(2+) channels in order to explore the nature of downstream(More)
Recent evidence indicates a key role for the neuropeptide calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) in migraine pain, as demonstrated by the strong analgesic action of CGRP receptor antagonists, although the mechanisms of this effect remain unclear. Most trigeminal nociceptive neurons releasing CGRP also express ATP-activated purinergic P2X3 receptors to(More)
1. The possible role of intracellular Ca2+ levels ([Ca2+]i) in desensitization of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (AChRs) was investigated in rat cultured chromaffin cells by use of combined whole-cell patch clamping and confocal laser scanning microscopy with the fluorescent dye fluo-3. 2. On cells held at -70 mV, pressure-application of nicotine(More)
The postsynaptic membrane of the neuromuscular synapse treated with antiacetylcholinesterase is depolarized due to nonquantal release of acetylcholine (ACh) from the motor nerve ending. This can be demonstrated by the hyperpolarization produced by the application of curare (H-effect). ATP (1 x 10-5 M) decreased the magnitude of the H-effect from 5 to 1.5(More)
The molecular mechanisms of migraine pain are incompletely understood, although migraine mediators such as NGF and calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) are believed to play an algogenic role. Although NGF block is proposed as a novel analgesic approach, its consequences on nociceptive purinergic P2X receptors of trigeminal ganglion neurons remain unknown.(More)