Rasheed Ahmad

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Human sialidase (neuraminidase) Neu1 catalyzes lysosomal catabolism of sialylated glycoconjugates. Here we show that during the differentiation of monocytes and the monocytic cell line, THP-1, into macrophages, the majority of Neu1 relocalizes from the lysosomes to the cell surface. In contrast to other cellular sialidases Neu2, Neu3, and Neu4, whose(More)
Originally identified as the gamma interferon-inducing factor, interleukin-18 (IL-18) was rediscovered as a proinflammatory cytokine related to the IL-1 family of cytokines that plays an important role in both innate and adaptive immune responses against viruses and intracellular pathogens. Despite its importance in inducing and regulating immune responses,(More)
We had shown earlier that the concentrations of circulating interleukin-18 (IL-18) are increased significantly in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected persons compared to HIV-seronegative healthy subjects. In the present study, we investigated the consequences of these elevated levels of IL-18 on natural killer (NK) cells and the immunopathogenesis(More)
Expression profile of the toll like receptors (TLRs) on PBMCs is central to the regulation of proinflammatory markers. An imbalance in the TLRs expression may lead to several types of inflammatory disorders. Furthermore, the dynamic regulation of inflammatory activity and associated impaired production of cytokines by peripheral blood mononuclear cells(More)
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is the major prototypic proinflammatory cytokine that stimulates degradation of cartilage in arthritis by inducing prominent collagen II-degrading matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13). Nothing is known about the involvement of adaptor proteins, MyD88, IRAK1 and TRAF6 in MMP-13 regulation. Here we investigated for the first time the role(More)
INTRODUCTION Recently the association between hepatic steatosis and sarcopenia has been described. GH/IGF-1 axis has been postulated to play a role in linking fatty liver and low muscle mass. The aim of our study was to explore the association between fatty liver index, sarcopenic obesity, insulin sensitivity, and GH/IGF-1 status. METHODS 427 subjects(More)
In addition to their role in hemostasis and thrombosis, platelets are important modulators of immune and inflammatory responses. We provide evidence here that human platelets contain abundant quantities of Fas-L, and upon activation, they express it on their surface as well as release it into medium. This surface-expressed Fas-L is biologically active and(More)
Progression of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection in humans is marked by declining CD4+-T-cell counts and increasing virus load (VL). Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) play an important role in the lysis of HIV-infected cells, especially during the early phase of asymptomatic infection. CTL responses in the later phase of disease progression(More)
Volatile aroma principles, nonvolatile taste constituents (caffeine and chlorogenic and caffeic acids), and glycosidically bound aroma compounds of monsooned and nonmonsooned raw arabica coffee were analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Among the most potent odor active constituents(More)