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Human sialidase (neuraminidase) Neu1 catalyzes lysosomal catabolism of sialylated glycoconjugates. Here we show that during the differentiation of monocytes and the monocytic cell line, THP-1, into macrophages, the majority of Neu1 relocalizes from the lysosomes to the cell surface. In contrast to other cellular sialidases Neu2, Neu3, and Neu4, whose(More)
Using our gp120/41-expressing, NK cell activity-resistant CEM.NKR cell clones as targets in HIV-1-specific antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity (ADCC) assays, we demonstrate here that the serum titers of anti-HIV-1 ADCC antibodies bear a significant (P < 0.05) positive correlation with the peripheral blood CD4+ T cell counts and a negative one with the(More)
Expression profile of the toll like receptors (TLRs) on PBMCs is central to the regulation of proinflammatory markers. An imbalance in the TLRs expression may lead to several types of inflammatory disorders. Furthermore, the dynamic regulation of inflammatory activity and associated impaired production of cytokines by peripheral blood mononuclear cells(More)
Employees at an ammonium perchlorate production facility in Nevada and a larger control population from the same chemical complex without direct AP exposure were monitored extensively for airborne perchlorate exposure. Single-shift and working-lifetime cumulative dose estimates were made using standard breathing-rate estimates and assuming rapid absorption,(More)
BACKGROUND Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) is known to be implicated in the pathogenesis of many inflammatory disorders. FSL-1 (fibroblast-stimulating lipopeptide-1) induces cytokine production by monocytes/macrophages. However, it is unclear whether FSL-1 is also able to induce MMP-9 production. Herein, we determined whether FSL-1 could induce MMP-9(More)
Progression of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection in humans is marked by declining CD4+-T-cell counts and increasing virus load (VL). Cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) play an important role in the lysis of HIV-infected cells, especially during the early phase of asymptomatic infection. CTL responses in the later phase of disease progression(More)
Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is the major prototypic proinflammatory cytokine that stimulates degradation of cartilage in arthritis by inducing prominent collagen II-degrading matrix metalloproteinase-13 (MMP-13). Nothing is known about the involvement of adaptor proteins, MyD88, IRAK1 and TRAF6 in MMP-13 regulation. Here we investigated for the first time the role(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells play an important role in the first line of defence against viral infections. We have shown earlier that exposure of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) to viruses results in rapid up-regulation of NK cell activity via interleukin-15 (IL-15) induction, and that this mechanism curtails viral infection in vitro. By using(More)