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The myeloperoxidase enzyme (MPO) is expressed specifically in myeloid cells and catalyzes the formation of hypochlorous acid and other cytotoxic oxidants. We previously reported that two alleles of MPO exist which differ in promoter strength due to a base difference in an Alu-encoded hormone response element. The present study shows that the higher(More)
We quantified HIV-1 RNA levels (copies per milliliter) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum from subjects at various stages of HIV-1 disease and determined the relationship of RNA levels to clinical and neurologic disease status (HND) and to laboratory values. Ninety-seven HIV-1-seropositive men without CNS opportunistic infections, tumors, or(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a complex autoimmune disorder of the CNS with both genetic and environmental contributing factors. Clinical symptoms are broadly characterized by initial onset, and progressive debilitating neurological impairment. In this study, RNA from MS chronic active and MS acute lesions was extracted, and compared with patient matched(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an inflammatory disease of the central nervous system (CNS) characterized by autoimmune-mediated demyelination and neurodegeneration. The CNS of patients with MS harbors expanded clones of antigen-experienced B cells that reside in distinct compartments including the meninges, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and parenchyma. It is not(More)
In our laboratory, we have developed methods in real-time detection and quantitative-polymerase chain reaction (Q-PCR) to analyse the relative levels of gene expression in post mortem brain tissues. We have then applied this method to examine differences in gene activity between normal white matter (NWM) and plaque tissue from multiple sclerosis (MS)(More)
Demyelination and axonal loss have been described as the histological hallmarks of inflammatory lesions of multiple sclerosis (MS) and are the pathological correlates of persistent disability. However, the immune mechanisms underlying axonal damage in MS remain unknown. Here, we report the use of single chain-variable domain fragments (scFv) from clonally(More)
UNLABELLED Regulated upon activation, normal T-cell expressed and secreted (RANTES) is a beta-chemokine and has been detected in brain lesions of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. Considering its potential role in MS, we screened two functional polymorphisms in the proximal promoter region of the RANTES in MS patients versus controls. METHODS We examined(More)
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating disease of unknown origin that affects the central nervous system of an estimated 400,000 Americans. GBV-C or hepatitis G is a flavivirus that is found in the serum of 1-2% of blood donors. It was originally associated with hepatitis, but is now believed to be a relatively non-pathogenic lymphotropic virus. Fifty(More)
Mouse models of infection of the central nervous system (CNS) have been used to study retroviral-induced neurologic disease. Ecotropic-neurotropic murine leukemia virus (MuLV) infection of susceptible neonatal mice causes a neurologic disease characterized by progressive hindlimb paralysis. The lesions consist of chronic noninflammatory spongiform change(More)
Immunoglobulin A (IgA), the predominant immunoglobulin class in mucosal secretions, has been found in the cerebrospinal fluid of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). In this study we examined the infiltration of clonally expanded IgA plasma cells in lesions of MS brains. Sequences of complementarity-determining region 3 of IgA variable heavy chain (V(H))(More)