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INTRODUCTION Inotropes are associated with adverse outcomes in heart failure (HF), raising concern they may accelerate myocardial injury. Whether biomarkers of myocardial necrosis, inflammation and apoptosis change in response to acute milrinone administration is not well established. METHODS Ten patients with severe HF and reduced cardiac output who were… (More)
The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the Writing Committee and do not necessarily reflect the official position of the American College of Cardiology Foundation.