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BACKGROUND Mutations and epigenetic aberrant signaling of growth factors pathways contribute to carcinogenesis. Recent studies reveal that non-coding RNAs are controllers of gene expression. H19 is an imprinted gene that demonstrates maternal monoallelic expression without a protein product; although its expression is shut off in most tissues postnatally,(More)
Expression of the imprinted H19 gene is remarkably elevated in a large number of human cancers. Recently, we reported that H19 RNA is up-regulated in hypoxic stress and furthermore, it possesses oncogenic properties. However, the underlying mechanism(s) of these phenomena remain(s) unknown. Here we demonstrate a tight correlation between H19 RNA elevation(More)
Ovarian cancer ascites fluid (OCAF), contains malignant cells, is usually present in women with an advanced stage disease and currently has no effective therapy. Hence, we developed a new therapy strategy to target the expression of diphtheria toxin gene under the control of H19 regulatory sequences in ovarian tumor cells. H19 RNA is present at high levels(More)
INTRODUCTION Ovarian cancer ascitic fluid, which contains malignant cells, is usually present in women with an advanced stage disease. There are currently no effective therapies for the treatment of ovarian cancer ascitic fluid. We developed a new therapeutic strategy to target expression of the diphtheria toxin fragment A gene in ovarian tumor cells under(More)
The oncofetal H19 gene transcribes a long non-coding RNA(lncRNA) that is essential for tumor growth. Here we found that numerous established inducers of epithelial to mesenchymal transition(EMT) also induced H19/miR-675 expression. Both TGF-β and hypoxia concomitantly induced H19 and miR-675 with the induction of EMT markers. We identified the PI3K/AKT(More)
BACKGROUND The H19-IGF2 locus is either highly expressed and/or shows aberrant allelic pattern of expression in a large array of human cancers, while rarely expressed in the corresponding normal tissue. Preclinical, clinical studies and human compassionate using a DNA plasmid containing H19 and/or IGF2-P4 regulatory sequences that drive the expression of an(More)
Pancreatic cancer is the eighth most common cause of death from cancer in the world, for which palliative treatments are not effective and frequently accompanied by severe side effects. We propose a DNA-based therapy for pancreatic cancer using a nonviral vector, expressing the diphtheria toxin A chain under the control of the H19 gene regulatory sequences.(More)
Real-time PCR technology is highly advantageous for gene studies based on the genetic nature of the transferred material. Urine and blood samples were collected before and after treatment. Treatment of bladder carcinoma patients with plasmid constructs expressing the diphtheria toxin gene was monitored. Detection range from 5x10(6) copies to <or=10 copies(More)
CONTEXT Urothelial carcinoma (UC) is common and highly recurrent. Diagnosis and follow-up involve invasive cystoscopies. OBJECTIVE To evaluate H19 RNA in urine cells as diagnostic tool for UC. MATERIALS AND METHODS RT-PCR analysis of urine samples from healthy volunteers and UC patients. RESULTS H19 RNA was unequivocally detected in the urine of 90.5%(More)
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