Raquel Seiça

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The vascular endothelium is a multifunctional organ and is critically involved in modulating vascular tone and structure. Endothelial cells produce a wide range of factors that also regulate cellular adhesion, thromboresistance, smooth muscle cell proliferation, and vessel wall inflammation. Thus, endothelial function is important for the homeostasis of the(More)
Modern diets can cause modern diseases. Research has linked a metabolite of sugar, methylglyoxal (MG), to the development of diabetic complications, but the exact mechanism has not been fully elucidated. The present study was designed to investigate whether MG could directly influence endothelial function, oxidative stress and inflammation in Wistar and(More)
Progressive microvascular complications are a main feature of diabetes and are associated with impairment of the angiogenic response. Methylglyoxal (MGO) has been implicated in the molecular events that lead to endothelial dysfunction in diabetes. In this study, we hypothesize that increased levels of MGO disrupt the ratio of vascular endothelial growth(More)
CONTEXT Adipose tissue is one of the first organs to develop insulin resistance even with moderate BMI. However, the contribution of developing hyperglycaemia and concomitant methylglyoxal increment to tissue dysfunction during type 2 diabetes progression was not addressed before. METHODS Young and aged Wistar and Goto-Kakizaki rats (non-obese model of(More)
Because diabetes mellitus is associated with impairment of testicular function, ultimately leading to reduced fertility, this study was conducted to evaluate the existence of a cause-effect relationship between increased oxidative stress in diabetes and reduced mitochondrial antioxidant capacity. The susceptibility to oxidative stress and antioxidant(More)
Alzheimer’s disease is the leading cause of dementia and the most prevalent neurodegenerative disease. It is an aging-related multi-factorial disorder and growing evidence support the contribution of metabolic factors to what was formerly thought to be a centrally mediated process. Obesity has already been recognized as an important player in the(More)
This study was undertaken to evaluate the effects of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced hyperglycemia and insulin-induced hypoglycemia in cortical and hippocampal mitochondria bioenergetics and oxidative status. For that purpose we used, citrate (vehicle)-treated Wistar rats, STZ-treated rats [i.p., 50mg/kg body weight] and STZ-treated rats injected with insulin(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE This study was conducted to investigate the effects of alpha-lipoic acid (alpha-LA) on endothelial function in diabetic and high-fat fed animal models and elucidate the potential mechanism underlying the benefits of alpha-LA. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Plasma metabolites reflecting glucose and lipid metabolism, endothelial function,(More)
Evidence suggests that oxidative stress is involved in the pathophysiology of diabetic complications and that insulin has a neuroprotective role in oxidative stress conditions. In this study, we evaluated the in vitro effect of insulin in the susceptibility to oxidative stress and in the transport of the amino acid neurotransmitters gamma-aminobutyric acid(More)
This study evaluated the respiratory indexes (respiratory control ratio [RCR] and ADP/O ratio), mitochondrial transmembrane potential (DeltaPsim), repolarization lag phase, repolarization level, ATP/ADP ratio, and induction of the permeability transition pore of brain mitochondria isolated from normal Wistar and GK diabetic rats of different ages (1.5, 12,(More)