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OBJECTIVES The factors influencing the histological severity of chronic hepatitis C (CHC) have not been well established. We therefore investigated the effect of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotypes and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection on histological liver damage in a cohort of intravenous drug users with CHC. METHODS We analyzed the(More)
BACKGROUND The anatomic difficulties that we have to deal with in open surgery for rectal cancer have not been overcome with the laparoscopic approach. In the search for a solution, a change of concept arose: approaching the rectum from below. The main objectives of this study were to show the potential advantages of the hybrid transabdominal-transanal(More)
This study was designed to determine whether dialkylphosphates (DAPs) are present in fresh fruit juices, as a result of organophosphorus (OP) pesticides degradation. Fresh conventional and organic fruit (apple and orange) juices were purchased from local grocery stores. DAPs were found in both conventional and organic juices, and the original levels were(More)
Liver disease secondary to hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a rising cause of morbidity and mortality among individuals who have been infected parenterally with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) such as injection drug users, hemophiliacs, and transfused patients. We analyzed both the efficacy of interferon (IFN) alpha therapy in these patients and the(More)
BACKGROUND The applicability of laparoscopic surgery in the treatment of colorectal diseases is still controversial. Early reports on laparoscopic-assisted colectomy in patients with colon cancer suggested that it minimizes surgical trauma, decreases perioperative complications, and leads to a more rapid recovery. To our knowledge, no previous studies have(More)
BACKGROUND Multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has been established as a general technique for the simultaneous amplification of different target sequences. Uses of multiplex include pathogens identification, linkage analysis and genetic disease diagnosis. The high sensitivity of PCR may produce false-positive results due to contamination with(More)
Hartmann procedure consists in a sigmoidectomy followed by a terminal colostomy. However, the stoma is associated with complications and suboptimal quality of life, so the restoration of colonic continuity should be, at least, considered in any case. Open restoration has been associated with significant morbidity and mortality; therefore, many authors have(More)
BACKGROUND Experimental experience and the technological evolution of minimally invasive surgical devices have allowed initial reports describing the clinical applicability of natural orifice translumenal endoscopic surgery (NOTES). Colorectal resections are an interesting target for the NOTES platform. Theoretically, the transrectal approach could overcome(More)