Raquel Romar

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Although glutathione content in boar spermatozoa has been previously reported, the effect of reduced glutathione (GSH) on semen parameters and the fertilizing ability of boar spermatozoa after cryopreservation has never been evaluated. In this study, GSH content was determined in ejaculated boar spermatozoa before and after cryopreservation. Semen samples(More)
Polyspermy is an important anomaly of fertilization in placental mammals, causing premature death of the embryo. It is especially frequent under in vitro conditions, complicating the successful generation of viable embryos. A block to polyspermy develops as a result of changes after sperm entry (i.e., cortical granule exocytosis). However, additional(More)
Delineation of maternal versus direct effects of heat stress in reducing development at the germinal vesicle (GV) stage is challenging, because oocytes spontaneously resume meiosis after removal from antral follicles. The use of S-roscovitine (inhibitor of p34(cdc2)/cyclin B kinase) to hold bovine oocytes at the GV stage without compromising early embryo(More)
A porcine in vitro fertilization (IVF) system and seminal quality parameters of frozen-thawed boar semen were used to assess the effectiveness of two different thawing rates of frozen boar semen, and to address the question of whether differences between fertility of ejaculates could be predicted in a limited field trial. In the first experiment, two(More)
This study was designed 1) to determine the effectiveness of 2 in vitro maturation systems commonly employed to produce nuclear and cytoplasmically mature pig oocytes, 2) to assess the effects of boar, sperm concentration and maturation system on oocyte penetrability and male pronucleus formation and 3) to determine the ability of the in vitro matured(More)
Physiological events at the time of fertilization of pig oocytes may differ in vitro depending on the in vitro fertilization (IVF) medium. This hypothesis was tested by in vitro maturation of pig oocytes for 44 h in NCSU-37 medium and thereafter fertilization with frozen-thawed ejaculated spermatozoa. Three different IVF media (TCM-199, Tyrode's albumin(More)
Porcine embryos have become raw materials for different programmes of reproductive biotechnology and the in vitro production of embryos has some advantages over in vivo production in gene transfer programmes and for xenotransplantation. Despite this promising future, several problems limit the success of the in vitro production (IVP) of viable porcine(More)
In this study, we evaluated the effects of glutathione (L-g-glutamyl-L-cysteinylglycine; GSH) supplementation of the thawing extender on semen parameters to compensate for the decrease in GSH content observed during sperm freezing. To fully address these questions, we used a set of functional sperm tests. These included tests of motility and motion(More)
This study was designed to evaluate the effects of adding porcine oviductal epithelial cell (POEC) monolayers before or during the fertilization of denuded or cumulus-enclosed oocytes, in terms of fertilization results and subsequent embryo development. The variables determined were: penetration rate, mean number of spermatozoa per oocyte, male pronucleus(More)
This work was designed to study how this ability is affected by different sperm treatments routinely used for in vitro fertilization (IVF) assay. In this study, boar sperm samples from epididymal or ejaculated origin were processed by three different methods: left unwashed (NW group), washed in Dulbecco's phosphate-buffered saline supplemented with 0.1% BSA(More)