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Gene Expression Microarray technology was used to compare oviduct transcriptome between inseminated and non-inseminated pigs during spontaneous oestrus. We used an in vivo model approaching the study from a physiological point of view in which no hormonal treatment (animals were in natural oestrus) and no artificial sperm selection (selection was performed(More)
One of the proposed mechanisms of polyspermy block is an increased resistance of the zona pellucida (ZP) to proteolytic digestion (ZP hardening) as a consequence of cortical granule exocytosis that occurs soon after fertilization. However, evidence is available that the zonae pellucidae of freshly ovulated pig and cow oocytes harden considerably before(More)
BACKGROUND The role of the plasminogen-plasmin (PLG-PLA) system in fertilization is unknown, although its dysfunction has been associated with subfertility in humans. We have recently detected and quantified plasminogen in the oviductal fluid of two mammals and showed a reduction in sperm penetration during IVF when plasminogen is present. The objective of(More)
Gamete recognition and binding of spermatozoa to the oviduct are carbohydrate-mediated processes in which several glycosidases are thought to have a role, although this has not been demonstrated unequivocally. Oviducal fluid is the biological milieu in which fertilisation and early embryo development take place, but the enzyme composition of oviducal fluid(More)
Calcineurin is required for oocyte exit from meiotic block in metaphase II (MII) stage in invertebrates and also in lower vertebrates. However, the role of calcineurin in mammalian oocyte activation is still unclear. The aim of this study was to determine whether calcineurin is involved in the processes regulating porcine oocyte activation. Indirect(More)
The cortical reaction induces changes at the egg's Zona pellucida (ZP), perivitelline space and/or oolemma level, blocking polyspermic fertilization. We studied the timing of sperm penetration and cortical reaction in pig oocytes matured under different conditions and inseminated with different boars. Immature (germinal vesicle stage) and in vitro matured(More)
This study was designed to determine whether calreticulin (CRT), a chaperone protein, is present in in vitro-matured (IVM) pig oocytes and to study its potential role in the block to polyspermy. Western blot analysis, using an anti-CRT antibody, of oocyte lysate showed an immunoreactive band of ∼60  kDa. Simultaneous labeling of IVM oocytes with anti-CRT(More)
The number of children born since the origin of Assisted Reproductive Technologies (ART) exceeds 5 million. The majority seem healthy, but a higher frequency of defects has been reported among ART-conceived infants, suggesting an epigenetic cost. We report the first whole-genome DNA methylation datasets from single pig blastocysts showing differences(More)
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