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Characterization of a newly cloned proopiomelanocortin (POMC) gene in the teleost zebrafish, Danio rerio, is reported. This gene is formed by three exons and two introns, and its complete cDNA codes for a polypeptide of 222 amino acids. Zebrafish proopiomelanocortin (zfPOMC) contains the consensus sequences for ACTH, gamma-LPH, beta-MSH and beta-endorphin(More)
Teenage drinking continues to be a major problem in industrialized countries, where almost 35% of alcohol drinkers are under 16 years old. In the present paper we studied the effects of acute alcohol intoxication (AAI) on the pituitary-gonadal (PG) axis hormones, and the possible contribution of pituitary-adrenal (PA) axis hormones, beta-endorphin (BEND),(More)
Morphine is one of the analgesics used most to treat chronic pain, although its long-term administration produces tolerance and dependence through neuronal plasticity. The ability of morphine to regulate neuron differentiation in vivo has been reported. However, the detailed mechanisms have not yet been elucidated because of the inability to separate(More)
1. Nociceptive thresholds to noxious mechanical (paw pressure) and thermal (tail flick) stimuli were recorded in conscious rats. The effects of three selective kappa-opioid receptor agonists on the responses to these stimuli were determined following intravenous, intracerebroventricular or intrathecal administration. Results were compared with those(More)
When we talk about drug addiction, we are really dealing with an extremely complex system in which there still remain many unknowns and where many empty spaces or missing links are still present. Recent studies have identified changes in the expression profiles of several specific miRNAs which affect the interactions between these molecules and their(More)
The C-terminal octapeptide of cholecystokinin (CCK 8) was administered intrathecally to rats. Doses in the nanogram range produced weak but significant antinociception in the paw pressure test five minutes after injection whereas microgram doses of CCK 8 produced hyperalgesia. The CCK 8-induced analgesia or hyperalgesia was not seen in the tail flick test(More)
We have conducted a three-stage, comprehensive single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP)-tagging association study of ESR1 gene variants (SNPs) in more than 55,000 breast cancer cases and controls from studies within the Breast Cancer Association Consortium (BCAC). No large risks or highly significant associations were revealed. SNP rs3020314, tagging a region(More)
The expression of mRNAs of the two types of somatolactin which have been found, up to the present, in the pituitary of gilthead sea bream (Sparus aurata) have been analyzed by in situ hybridization (ISH). The method of non-radioactive ISH, which we optimize in this study, uses oligonucleotides labelled in the 5' end with biotin or dioxygenin as probes. This(More)
Tolerance and dependence are the most important side effects of opioid-mediated pain therapies. However, the mechanisms through which these phenomena are produced still remain unknown. Among the opioid receptors, the kappa-opioid receptor has been the focus of strong research efforts, since it contributes to the reversal of morphine-induced tolerance and(More)
High penicillin-producing strains of Penicillium chrysogenum contain 6-14 copies of the three clustered structural biosynthetic genes, pcbAB, pcbC, and penDE [Barredo, J.L., Díez, B., Alvarez, E., Martín, J.F., 1989. Large amplification of a 35-kb DNA fragment carrying two penicillin biosynthetic genes in high penicillin producing strains of Penicillium(More)