Raquel P. Ritchie

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The role of microRNA-1 (miR-1) has been studied in cardiac and skeletal muscle differentiation. However, it remains unexplored in vascular smooth muscle cells (SMCs) differentiation. The aim of this study was to uncover novel targets of and shed light on the function of miR-1 in the context of embryonic stem cell (ESC) differentiation of SMCs in vitro.(More)
Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta1 is an important cytokine involved in various diseases. However, the molecular mechanism whereby TGF-beta1 signaling modulates the regulatory network for smooth muscle gene transcription remains largely unknown. To address this question, we previously identified a Smad-binding element (SBE) in the SM22alpha promoter as(More)
MicroRNAs (miRs) have been reported to play a critical role in muscle differentiation and function. The purpose of this study is to determine the role of miRs during smooth muscle cell (SMC) differentiation from embryonic stem cells (ESCs). MicroRNA profiling showed that miR-10a expression is steadily increased during in vitro differentiation of mouse ESCs(More)
Development of in vitro models by which to study smooth muscle cell (SMC) differentiation has been hindered by some peculiarities intrinsic to these cells, namely their different embryological origins and their ability to undergo phenotypic modulation in cell culture. Although many in vitro models are available for studying SMC differentiation, careful(More)
Smooth muscle cell (SMC) differentiation and dedifferentiation play a critical role in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases. The lack of a good and simple in vitro SMC differentiation system has hampered the progress of SMC field for years. The generation of such an in vitro system would be invaluable for exploring molecular mechanisms of SMC(More)
High levels of fecal bacteria are a concern for recreational waters; however, the source of contamination is often unknown. This study investigated whether direct sequencing of a bacterial gene could be utilized for detecting genetic differences between bacterial strains for microbial source tracking. A 525-nucleotide segment of the gene for(More)
TGFbeta1 plays critical roles in stimulating smooth muscle gene transcription during myofibroblast and smooth muscle cell (SMC) differentiation. Increasing evidence demonstrates that histone modification plays important roles in regulating gene transcription. Here, we investigated the effect of changes in the expression of histone acetyltransferases (HAT)(More)
The SM22 alpha gene has widely been used to study the regulatory mechanisms of smooth muscle cell (SMC) gene expression during cardiovascular development. To determine the regulatory mechanisms for the evolutionarily conserved human SM22 alpha (hSM22 alpha) gene, we demonstrated that 445 bp upstream DNA sequences of hSM22 alpha gene exhibited a high(More)
Transforming growth factor (TGF)1 is an important cytokine involved in various diseases. However, the molecular mechanism whereby TGF1 signaling modulates the regulatory network for smooth muscle gene transcription remains largely unknown. To address this question, we previously identified a Smad-binding element (SBE) in the SM22 promoter as one of the TGF1(More)
The detection of recombination from DNA sequences is relevant to the understanding of evolutionary and molecular genetics. While programs such as GENECONV have been identified as detecting recombination more reliably than others, previous studies have not analyzed how many recombinations they fail to detect. We develop a method for testing how often such(More)