Raquel Hernanz

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This study was performed to investigate the role of reactive oxygen species and inducible nitric oxide (NO) synthase (iNOS) and cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) metabolites in the lipopolysaccharide effect on bradykinin-induced relaxation in middle cerebral arteries from normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs). LPS exposure(More)
OBJECTIVE The present study was designed to relate nitric oxide (NO) concentration to changes in vascular reactivity in rat superior mesenteric arteries treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 10 microg ml-1, 1-8 h). METHODS In rat mesenteric arteries, isometric tension was recorded in wire myographs, protein expression was evaluated by Western blot and/or(More)
This study analyzes the role of angiotensin II (Ang II), via AT1) receptors, in the involvement of cyclooxygenase (COX)-2-derived prostanoids in phenylephrine responses in normotensive rats (Wistar Kyoto; WKY) and spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). Aorta from rats untreated or treated for 12 weeks with losartan (15 mg/kg . day) or hydralazine plus(More)
The present study investigated the mechanisms involved in the increased 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) vasoconstriction observed in rat middle cerebral arteries exposed in vitro to lipopolysaccharide (LPS, 10 microg x ml-1) for 1-5 h. Functional, immunohistochemical and Western blot analysis and superoxide anion measurements by ethidium fluorescence were(More)
Angiotensin II (Ang II) modulates vasomotor tone, cell growth, and extracellular matrix deposition. This study analyzed the effect of atorvastatin in the possible alterations induced by Ang II on structure and mechanics of mesenteric resistance arteries and the signaling mechanisms involved. Wistar rats were infused with Ang II (100 ng/kg per day, SC(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) signalling contributes to inflammatory cardiovascular diseases, but its role in hypertension and the associated vascular damage is not known. We investigated whether TLR4 activation contributed to angiotensin II (AngII)-induced hypertension and the associated vascular structural, mechanical and functional(More)
AIMS Hypertension is associated with increased plasma inflammatory markers such as cytokines and increased vascular cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) expression. The ability of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ) agonists to reduce oxidative stress seems to contribute to their anti-inflammatory properties. This study analyzes the effect of(More)
The regular practice of physical activity is a well-recommended strategy for the prevention and treatment of several cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Physical exercise prevents the progression of vascular diseases and reduces cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Exercise training also ameliorates vascular changes including endothelial dysfunction(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE PPARγ agonists, glitazones, have cardioprotective and anti-inflammatory actions associated with gene transcription interference. In this study, we determined whether chronic treatment of adult spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) with pioglitazone alters BP and vascular structure and function, and the possible mechanisms involved. (More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To analyse the influence of hypertension in the modulation induced by inducible NOS (iNOS)-derived NO and superoxide anion (O(2) (*-)) of vasoconstrictor responses and the sources of O(2) (*-) implicated. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Vascular reactivity experiments were performed in segments of aorta from normotensive, Wistar Kyoto (WKY)(More)