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BACKGROUND Optoelectronic plethysmography (OEP) is an innovative method of indirect measurement of pulmonary ventilation, capable of breath-by-breath, three-dimensional, real time assessment of absolute lung volumes and their variations in the three compartments of the chest wall (pulmonary rib cage, abdominal rib cage, and abdomen). OEP allows the(More)
BACKGROUND The identification of breathing patterns in healthy elderly individuals and changes in the respiratory system related to the normal aging process is important to detect and prevent respiratory dysfunction. OBJECTIVES To assess and compare respiratory function between adults and elderly individuals according to baseline conditions. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is a worldwide health problem that may also induce respiratory dysfunction. Literature linking weight loss and maximum respiratory pressures is inconclusive. OBJECTIVE To evaluate longitudinally the maximum inspiratory pressure (MIP) and maximum expiratory pressure (MEP) of morbidly obese individuals before and after gastric bypass(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the quality of life (QOL) of patients with chronic venous disease (CVD) and to analyze the relationship between QOL and disease severity. METHODS This was a cross-sectional study with a convenience sample of 50 participants with a diagnosis of CVD. The participants were classified according to disease severity using the CEAP(More)
In this study, we evaluated the effect produced by lateral ventricle (intracerebroventricular, I.C.V.) infusion of the selective angiotensin (Ang)-(1-7) antagonist, D-Ala7-Ang-(1-7) (A-779), in the modulation of the baroreflex control of heart rate in two-kidney, one clip renovascular hypertensive rats (2K1C) treated with the angiotensin-converting enzyme(More)
Regular exercise training is considered to be capable of beneficially modifying the autonomic balance in healthy subjects. We studied the association between vagal HRV indexes and the level of physical activity in Chagas disease patients and control subjects. Although in controls habitual physical activity was closely associated with vagal HRV indexes, no(More)
BACKGROUND It is important to include large sample sizes and different factors that influence the six-minute walking distance (6MWD) in order to propose reference equations for the six-minute walking test (6 MWT). OBJECTIVE To evaluate the influence of anthropometric, demographic, and physiologic variables on the 6 MWD of healthy subjects from different(More)
Were evaluated individuals divided into two groups: we studied chronic heart failure (CHF) (19 patients with CHF plus cardiomegaly) and control (12 healthy volunteers) during performance of inspiratory loaded breathing (ILB). We evaluated: spirometry, functional capacity through the six-minute walk test (6MWT), and distribution of thoracoabdominal volumes(More)
OBJECTIVE to describe the breathing pattern and thoracoabdominal motion of healthy individuals, taking age and sex into consideration. METHODS the study included 104 individuals aged 20 to 39, 40 to 59, and 60 to 80 years (41 males and 63 females), with normal body mass index and spirometric values. Participants were evaluated at rest in the supine(More)
We studied systematically, for the first time, the utility of the six-minute walk test (6MWT) in Chagas disease. The walked distance at 6MWT correlated negatively with the increased circulating levels of monocyte chemoattractant protein (MCP-1, r=-0.358, p=0.04) and natriuretic peptide type B (BNP, r=-0.349, p=0.04), as well as positively with ejection(More)