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Two measures of social function designed for community studies of normal aging and mild senile dementia were evaluated in 195 older adults who underwent neurological, cognitive, and affective assessment. An examining and a reviewing neurologist and a neurologically trained nurse independently rated each on a Scale of Functional Capacity. Interrater(More)
In a white, predominantly middle class southern California retirement community, 817 adults aged 65-99 years were evaluated in 1980-1982 in a study designed to assess prevalence of early Alzheimer-type senile dementia. Based on 162 neurologically diagnosed cases, the age- and sex-adjusted prevalence of Alzheimer's disease in the target population was 15.3%(More)
All cases of endometrial cancer occurring among the residents of an affluent retirement community were compared with controls chosen from a roster of all women in the same community. Evidence of estrogen and other drug use and of selected medical conditions was obtained from three sources: medical records of the principal care facility, interviews, and the(More)
The association between estrogen replacement therapy and female breast cancer was studied in two Los Angeles area retirement communities. The 138 study cases of breast cancer occurring in residents younger than 75 years were compared with age- and race-matched community control subjects. The risk ratio for a total cumulative dose in excess of 1,500 mg was(More)
The Mental Function Index is a weighted combination of scores on three brief tests. The Index was developed to aid in the discrimination of elderly persons with early cases of senile dementia from nondemented elderly individuals. In a previous report (Am J Epidemiol 1981;114:515-27), the authors described preliminary results with the Index in 195 elderly(More)
To validate a senile dementia survey diagnostic tool, 195 individuals aged 61-91 and referred by their physicians as normal or mildly demented were examined. The etiologic diagnosis used as criterion was the consensus of two experienced neurologists, assisted by clinical and laboratory data from referring physicians and by neuropsychologic evaluation of(More)
Most dementias in old age are characterized by a progressive course with interindividual variability in pattern and rate of progression. Developing a system for staging such dementia poses a challenge in capturing this variability in a system that will afford comparisons among individuals and predictions of future change. Several core questions underlie the(More)
Of some 15,500 women resident in a retirement community during an 11 year interval, 220 suffered a cardiologically ascertained first myocardial infarction. A case-control study demonstrated no association between estrogen use and myocardial infarction. The observed lack of association may be explained by an already high coronary risk in this age group, by(More)