Raphael Schwarz

Learn More
Hoarseness in unilateral vocal fold paralysis is mainly due to irregular vocal fold vibrations caused by asymmetries within the larynx physiology. By means of a digital high-speed camera vocal fold oscillations can be observed in real-time. It is possible to extract the irregular vocal fold oscillations from the high-speed recordings using appropriate image(More)
After a total excision of the larynx, mucosal tissue at the upper part of the esophagus can be used as a substitute voice generating element. The properties of the tissue dynamics are closely related to the substitute voice quality. The process of substitute voice is investigated by recording simultaneously the acoustic signal with a microphone and the(More)
High-speed laryngeal endoscopic systems record vocal fold vibrations during phonation in real-time. For a quantitative analysis of vocal fold dynamics a metrical scale is required to get absolute laryngeal dimensions of the recorded image sequence. For the clinical use there is no automated and stable calibration procedure up to now. A calibration method is(More)
Classification of vocal fold vibrations is an essential task of the objective assessment of voice disorders. For historical reasons, the conventional clinical examination of vocal fold vibrations is done during stationary, sustained phonation. However, the conclusions drawn from a stationary phonation are restricted to the observed steady-state vocal fold(More)
A model-based approach is proposed to objectively measure and classify vocal fold vibrations by left-right asymmetries along the anterior-posterior direction, especially in the case of nonstationary phonation. For this purpose, vocal fold dynamics are recorded in real time with a digital high-speed camera during phonation of sustained vowels as well as(More)
Pathologic changes within the organic constitution of vocal folds or a functional impairment of the larynx may result in disturbed or even irregular vocal fold vibrations. The consequences are perturbations of the acoustic speech signal which are perceived as a hoarse voice. By means of appropriate image processing techniques, the vocal fold dynamics are(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Advances in MRI hardware and sequences are continually increasing the amount and complexity of data such as those generated in high-resolution three-dimensional (3D) scanning of the spine. Efficient informatics tools offer considerable opportunities for research and clinically based analyses of magnetic resonance studies. In this(More)
Accurate bone segmentation in the hip joint region from magnetic resonance (MR) images can provide quantitative data for examining pathoanatomical conditions such as femoroacetabular impingement through to varying stages of osteoarthritis to monitor bone and associated cartilage morphometry. We evaluate two state-of-the-art methods (multi-atlas and active(More)