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Recent advances in high resolution magnetic resonance (MR) imaging of the spine provide a basis for the automated assessment of intervertebral disc (IVD) and vertebral body (VB) anatomy. High resolution three-dimensional (3D) morphological information contained in these images may be useful for early detection and monitoring of common spine disorders, such(More)
Recent developments in high resolution MRI scanning of the human spine are providing increasing opportunities for the development of accurate automated approaches for pathoanatomical assessment of intervertebral discs and vertebrae. We are developing a fully automated 3D segmentation approach for MRI scans of the human spine based on statistical shape(More)
The accurate segmentation of the bone and articular cartilages from magnetic resonance (MR) images of the hip is important for clinical studies and drug trials into conditions like osteoarthritis. In current studies, segmentations are obtained using time-consuming manual or semi-automatic algorithms which have high inter- and intra-observer variabilities.(More)
Classification of vocal fold vibrations is an essential task of the objective assessment of voice disorders. For historical reasons, the conventional clinical examination of vocal fold vibrations is done during stationary, sustained phonation. However, the conclusions drawn from a stationary phonation are restricted to the observed steady-state vocal fold(More)
A model-based approach is proposed to objectively measure and classify vocal fold vibrations by left-right asymmetries along the anterior-posterior direction, especially in the case of nonstationary phonation. For this purpose, vocal fold dynamics are recorded in real time with a digital high-speed camera during phonation of sustained vowels as well as(More)
High-speed laryngeal endoscopic systems record vocal fold vibrations during phonation in real-time. For a quantitative analysis of vocal fold dynamics a metrical scale is required to get absolute laryngeal dimensions of the recorded image sequence. For the clinical use there is no automated and stable calibration procedure up to now. A calibration method is(More)
Pathologic changes within the organic constitution of vocal folds or a functional impairment of the larynx may result in disturbed or even irregular vocal fold vibrations. The consequences are perturbations of the acoustic speech signal which are perceived as a hoarse voice. By means of appropriate image processing techniques, the vocal fold dynamics are(More)
Accurate bone segmentation in the hip joint region from magnetic resonance (MR) images can provide quantitative data for examining pathoanatomical conditions such as femoroacetabular impingement through to varying stages of osteoarthritis to monitor bone and associated cartilage morphometry. We evaluate two state-of-the-art methods (multi-atlas and active(More)
Hoarseness in unilateral vocal fold paralysis is mainly due to irregular vocal fold vibrations caused by asymmetries within the larynx physiology. By means of a digital high-speed camera vocal fold oscillations can be observed in real-time. It is possible to extract the irregular vocal fold oscillations from the high-speed recordings using appropriate image(More)
Background and objectives Advances in MRI hardware and sequences are continually increasing the amount and complexity of data such as those generated in high-resolution three-dimensional (3D) scanning of the spine. Efficient informatics tools offer considerable opportunities for research and clinically based analyses of magnetic resonance studies. In this(More)