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Novel strategies in diabetes therapy would obviously benefit from the use of beta (beta) cell stem/progenitor cells. However, whether or not adult beta cell progenitors exist is one of the most controversial issues in today's diabetes research. Guided by the expression of Neurogenin 3 (Ngn3), the earliest islet cell-specific transcription factor in(More)
OBJECTIVE Zinc ions are essential for the formation of hexameric insulin and hormone crystallization. A nonsynonymous single nucleotide polymorphism rs13266634 in the SLC30A8 gene, encoding the secretory granule zinc transporter ZnT8, is associated with type 2 diabetes. We describe the effects of deleting the ZnT8 gene in mice and explore the action of the(More)
Islets of Langerhans are microorgans scattered throughout the pancreas, and are responsible for synthesizing and secreting pancreatic hormones. While progress has recently been made concerning cell differentiation of the islets of Langerhans, the mechanism controlling islet morphogenesis is not known. It is thought that these islets are formed by mature(More)
The pancreas develops from buds that derive from the endodermal epithelium of the digestive tract. The progenitor cells that will give rise to the mature pancreatic cells reside within this epithelium. However, their exact identity remains unknown. In the present study, we searched for genes expressed by pancreatic progenitor cells. We focused our search on(More)
BACKGROUND Accurate molecular diagnosis of monogenic non-autoimmune neonatal diabetes mellitus (NDM) is critical for patient care, as patients carrying a mutation in KCNJ11 or ABCC8 can be treated by oral sulfonylurea drugs instead of insulin therapy. This diagnosis is currently based on Sanger sequencing of at least 42 PCR fragments from the KCNJ11, ABCC8,(More)
1 OBJECTIVE—Recent evidence indicates that low oxygen tension (pO 2) or hypoxia controls the differentiation of several cell types during development. Variations of pO 2 are mediated through the hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF), a crucial mediator of the adaptative response of cells to hypoxia. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of pO 2 in(More)
Patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1 exhibit a diversity of symptoms that affect many different organs. Among these are cognitive dysfunctions, the origin of which has remained elusive, partly because of the difficulty in accessing neural cells. Here, we have taken advantage of pluripotent stem cell lines derived from embryos identified during a(More)
During embryogenesis, the intrauterine milieu affects cell proliferation, differentiation, and function by modifying gene expression in susceptible cells, such as the pancreatic β-cells. In this limited energy environment, mitochondrial dysfunction can lead to overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and to a decline in β-cell function. In opposition(More)
In the present work, pancreatic organogenesis has been studied in the medaka (Oryzias latipes), a teleost fish with several advantages as an experimental system in developmental biology. We demonstrated that the pancreas develops from three primordia budding from the dorsal and ventral faces of the gut epithelium. Such buds then fuse to form a single(More)