Raphael Rubin

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Fibroblast cell lines, designated R- and W cells, were generated, respectively, from mouse embryos homozygous for a targeted disruption of the Igf1r gene, encoding the type 1 insulin-like growth factor receptor, and from their wild-type littermates. W cells grow normally in serum-free medium supplemented with various combinations of purified growth factors,(More)
The ability of ethanol to interfere with insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1)-mediated cell survival was examined in primary cultured cerebellar granule neurons. Cells underwent apoptosis when switched from medium containing 25 mM K+ to one containing 5 mM K+. IGF-1 protected granule neurons from apoptosis in medium containing 5 mM K+. Ethanol inhibited(More)
Dedicated, spatially configured FPGA interconnect is efficient for applications that require high throughput connections between processing elements (PEs) but with a limited degree of PE interconnectivity (e.g. wiring up gates and datapaths). Applications which virtualize PEs may require a large number of distinct PE-to-PE connections (e.g. using one PE to(More)
Primary cultured rat cerebellar granule neurons underwent apoptosis when switched from medium containing 25 mM K+ to one containing 5 mM K+. N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) protected granule neurons from apoptosis in medium containing 5 mM K+. Inhibition of apoptosis by NMDA was blocked by the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) inhibitor LY294002, but(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Adefovir dipivoxil possesses potent in vitro and in vivo antiviral activity in wild-type hepatitis B. This study assessed the safety and efficacy of adefovir dipivoxil alone and in combination with lamivudine compared with ongoing lamivudine therapy in patients with chronic hepatitis B with compensated liver disease and(More)
UNLABELLED Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is sometimes diagnosed based on a positive antimitochondrial antibody in the appropriate clinical setting without a liver biopsy. Although a liver biopsy can assess the extent of liver fibrosis and provide prognostic information, serum fibrosis markers avoid biopsy complications and sampling error and provide(More)
Fibroblast cell lines were established from mouse embryos homozygous for a targeted disruption of the Igf1r gene, encoding the type 1 receptor for insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and from their wild-type littermates. The cells from the wild-type embryos (W cells) grow in serum-free medium supplemented with platelet-derived growth factor, epidermal(More)
The interaction of insulin-like growth factors (IGF) with the IGF-I receptor promotes cell proliferation and survival. We examined the role of the IGF-I receptor as a possible direct inhibitor of apoptosis induced by the topoisomerase I inhibitor etoposide. When exposed to this agent, BALB/c 3T3 cells that constitutively overexpress the human IGF-I receptor(More)
When wild-type mouse embryo cells are stably transfected with a plasmid constitutively overexpressing the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor (EGFR), the resulting cells can grow in serum-free medium supplemented solely with EGF. Supplementation with EGF also induces in these cells the transformed phenotype (growth in soft agar). However, when the same(More)
 The expression of insulin-like growth factor I receptor (IGF-IR) antisense mRNA inhibits the growth of C6 rat glioblastoma cells both in vitro and in vivo [Cancer Res (1994) 54: 2218]. Moreover, the injection of C6 cells expressing an antisense mRNA to the IGF-IR into syngeneic rats prevents subsequent wild-type tumorigenesis and induces regression of(More)