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Fibroblast cell lines, designated R- and W cells, were generated, respectively, from mouse embryos homozygous for a targeted disruption of the Igf1r gene, encoding the type 1 insulin-like growth factor receptor, and from their wild-type littermates. W cells grow normally in serum-free medium supplemented with various combinations of purified growth factors,(More)
Dedicated, spatially configured FPGA interconnect is efficient for applications that require high throughput connections between processing elements (PEs) but with a limited degree of PE interconnectivity (e.g. wiring up gates and datapaths). Applications which virtualize PEs may require a large number of distinct PE-to-PE connections (e.g. using one PE to(More)
As feature sizes scale toward atomic limits, parameter variation continues to increase, leading to increased margins in both delay and energy. The possibility of very slow devices on critical paths forces designers to increase transistor sizes, reduce clock speed and operate at higher voltages than desired in order to meet timing. With post-fabrication(More)
Fibroblast cell lines were established from mouse embryos homozygous for a targeted disruption of the Igf1r gene, encoding the type 1 receptor for insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) and from their wild-type littermates. The cells from the wild-type embryos (W cells) grow in serum-free medium supplemented with platelet-derived growth factor, epidermal(More)
Epidemiological studies have shown that moderate consumption of alcoholic beverages is inversely related to the incidence of the complications of coronary artery disease. The protective effect of ethanol may be partially attributable to an inhibitory effect of ethanol on platelets. This article summarizes the experimental observations that ethanol inhibits(More)
The interaction of insulin-like growth factors (IGF) with the IGF-I receptor promotes cell proliferation and survival. We examined the role of the IGF-I receptor as a possible direct inhibitor of apoptosis induced by the topoisomerase I inhibitor etoposide. When exposed to this agent, BALB/c 3T3 cells that constitutively overexpress the human IGF-I receptor(More)
Primary cultured rat cerebellar granule neurons underwent apoptosis when switched from medium containing 25 mM K+ to one containing 5 mM K+. N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) protected granule neurons from apoptosis in medium containing 5 mM K+. Inhibition of apoptosis by NMDA was blocked by the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) inhibitor LY294002, but(More)
Many important applications are organized around long-lived, irregular sparse graphs (e.g., data and knowledge bases, CAD optimization, numerical problems, simulations). The graph structures are large, and the applications need regular access to a large, data-dependent portion of the graph for each operation (e.g., the algorithm may need to walk the graph,(More)
Binding sites for inositol trisphosphate (IP3) have been identified in bovine adrenal cortex, employing [32P]IP3 prepared from human erythrocytes radiolabeled with [32P]ATP. IP3 was bound to adrenal microsomes with high affinity (Kd = 5 nM) and low capacity (186 fmol/mg protein). During kinetic studies, half-maximal binding was reached in less than one min(More)
BACKGROUND Alcohol consumption during pregnancy often results in disorders of fetal development (Fetal Alcohol Syndrome). The brain appears to be particularly vulnerable, and alcohol abuse during pregnancy is probably the most common cause of acquired mental retardation. We therefore studied the in vitro effects of ethanol on insulin-like growth factor-1(More)