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“Smart” vehicles of the future are envisioned to aid their drivers in reducing fuel consumption and emissions by wirelessly receiving phase-shifting information of the traffic lights in their vicinity and computing an optimized speed in order to avoid braking and acceleration maneuvers. Previous studies have demonstrated the potential(More)
The Kaingang and Guarani are culturally and linguistically distinct tribes of southern Brazil. Like all Amerindian groups they show limited HLA polymorphism, which probably reflects the small founder populations that colonized America by overland migration from Asia 11,000-40,000 years ago. We find the nucleotide sequences of HLA-B alleles from the Kaingang(More)
During gait acquisition, children learn to use their changing resources to meet the requirements of the task. Compared to typically developing toddlers (TD), toddlers with Down syndrome (DS) have functionally different musculoskeletal characteristics, such as hypotonia, and joint and ligament laxity, that could produce a reduced passive stiffness. The(More)
Road traffic plays an important role in exhaust gas emissions. Traffic related emissions can be reduced by different traffic control measures like traffic signals in urban areas and Variable Message Signs on motorways. The control strategies aim to harmonize traffic flow and adjust unavoidable congestion in order to minimize fuel consumption and emissions.(More)
—Battery electric vehicles (BEV) are envisioned to play a significant role in the future of personal mobility. A key challenge in the transition from internal combustion engine (ICE) powered vehicles to BEV is the limited driving range of the latter, which makes an energy-efficient operation essential. In this work, we analyze how vehicle-to-x (V2X)(More)
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