Raphael. K. Wong

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Production of high-affinity pathogenic autoantibodies appears to be central to the pathogenesis of lupus. Because normal high-affinity antibodies arise from germinal centers (GCs), aberrant selection of GC B cells, caused by either failure of negative selection or enhanced positive selection by follicular helper T (T(FH)) cells, is a plausible explanation(More)
Picrotoxin (50 microM) elicited rhythmic synchronized bursting in CA3 pyramidal cells in guinea pig hippocampal slices. Addition of the selective group I metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) agonist (S)-3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine (25 microM) elicited an increase in burst frequency. This was soon followed by a slowly progressive increase in burst duration(More)
Spatially resolved measurements of intracellular free calcium and of the changes produced by excitatory amino acids were made in neurons isolated from adult mammalian brain. Extremely long-lasting (minutes) Ca2+ gradients were induced in the apical dendrites of hippocampal CA1 neurons after brief (1 to 3 seconds), local application of either glutamate or(More)
1. Neurones were isolated from the hippocampus of adult guinea-pigs by enzymatic and mechanical treatment. The electrophysiological properties of these cells were examined immediately after dissociation by intracellular recordings using low-resistance electrodes (2-5 M omega). 2. Pyramidal-shaped cells were identified visually. Intracellular recordings(More)
Dendritic activity in guinea pig hippocampal CA1 and CA3 pyramidal neurons was examined by using an in vitro preparation. Histologically confirmed intradendritic recordings showed that dendrites had an average input resistance of 47.0 M omega and average membrane time constant of 33.3 msec. Active spike responses could be evoked by intracellular injection(More)
The metabotropic glutamate receptor agonist (1S,3R)-1-aminocyclopentane-1,3 dicarboxylic acid (ACPD) at concentrations above 60 microM produced stereotypic oscillatory activity in CA3 pyramidal cells of rat hippocampal slices. This oscillatory activity consisted of trains of depolarizations with overriding action potentials. On average, individual trains(More)
Application of the metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) agonist (1S, 3R)-1-aminocyclopentane-1,3-dicarboxylic acid (ACPD) or the selective group I mGluR agonist (S)-3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine (DHPG) depolarized both CA3 and CA1 pyramidal cells in guinea pig hippocampal slices. Simultaneous recordings of voltage and intracellular Ca2+ levels revealed that(More)