Raphael Horvath

Learn More
Excimer lasers have been demonstrated to provide a very precise and circumscribed ablation of synthetic polymers and biological tissues. We investigated in vitro the use of ultrashort pulsed ultraviolet excimer-laser energy for controlled removal of meniscus cartilage under the aspects of arthroscopic meniscectomy. A krypton-fluorine gas mixture was used to(More)
Artemisinin is an important antimalarial drug, but, at present, the environmental and economic costs of its semi-synthetic production are relatively high. Most of these costs lie in the final chemical steps, which follow a complex acid- and photo-catalysed route with oxygenation by both singlet and triplet oxygen. We demonstrate that applying the principles(More)
The photophysical properties of a number of ruthenium complexes of the general structure [Ru(L1)(L2)(NCS)2], related to the prominent solar cell dye [Ru(dcb)2(NCS)2] (dcb = 4,4'-dicarboxylato-2,2'-bipyridine) are investigated. For L1 = dcb and dmb (dmb = 4,4'-dimethyl-2,2'-bipyridine), several variations of L2 show very little difference in the lowest(More)
Transition-metal complexes of the types [Re(CO)(3)Cl(NN)], [Re(CO)(3)py(NN)](+), and [Cu(PPh(3))(2)(NN)](+), where NN = 4,4'-bis(5-phenyl-1,3,4-oxadiazol-2-yl)-2,2'-bipyridine (OX) and 4,4'-bis(N,N-diphenyl-4-[ethen-1-yl]-aniline)-2,2'-bipyridine (DPA), have been synthesized and characterized. Crystal structures for [Re(CO)(3)Cl(DPA)] and(More)
As a group of ‘green’ chemists from around the world, much of our work involves inventing or developing cleaner processes for making known chemicals rather than synthesizing compounds for the first time1. Increasingly, such processes involve complex reactors that are expensive and difficult to obtain in some of the countries where we work. So, how can we(More)
This critical review discusses the applicability of vibrational spectroscopic techniques, specifically Raman and mid-infrared, to the study of molecule-based electronics through a series of examples. We focus on a number of devices currently of interest, such as solar cells, organic light emitting diodes, molecular junctions, switches and transistors.(More)
Machining of aluminium parts has become particularly important in recent years. Aluminium alloys are increasingly used in automotive, aerospace and defence industries due to the advantageous mechanical and chemical properties. In technology planning, the average surface roughness is as important criterion as geometrical size or tolerance. In this paper,(More)
The photochemistry and photophysics of metal carbonyl compounds (W(CO)6, Cp*Rh(CO)2 (Cp* = η(5)-C5Me5), and fac-[Re(CO)3(4,4'-bpy)2Br] [bpy = bipyridine]) have been examined on the nanosecond timescale using a time-resolved infrared spectrometer with an external cavity quantum cascade laser (QCL) as the infrared source. We show the photochemistry of W(CO)6(More)
A series of novel laterally anchoring tetrahydroquinoline derivatives have been synthesized and investigated for their use in NiO-based p-type dye-sensitized solar cells. The kinetics of charge injection and recombination at the NiO-dye interface for these dyes have been thoroughly investigated using picosecond transient absorption and time-resolved(More)