Raphael Gabriel

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ACE-2, the second Aerosol Characterization Experiment of the International Global Atmospheric Chemistry Project (IGAC), was conducted in the area between Portugal, Tenerife and Madeira from 15 June to 25 July 1997. We determined the concentration of 2 and the soluble ion composition of the atmospheric aerosol in 113 samples collected by aircraft. Comparison(More)
Effective stiffness of the musculoskeletal system was examined as a function of the characteristics of an external load. Thirteen healthy subjects provided active contraction of the ankle plantarflexion musculature in a neutral ankle posture to support an external load. Musculoskeletal stiffness was computed from kinetic data recorded in response to(More)
Investigating active participants in the fixation of dinitrogen gas is vital as N is often a limiting factor for primary production. Biological nitrogen fixation is performed by a diverse guild of bacteria and archaea (diazotrophs), which can be free-living or symbionts. Free-living diazotrophs are widely distributed in the environment, yet our knowledge(More)
Cultivation of microbial consortia provides low-complexity communities that can serve as tractable models to understand community dynamics. Time-resolved metagenomics demonstrated that an aerobic cellulolytic consortium cultivated from compost exhibited community dynamics consistent with the definition of an endogenous heterotrophic succession. The genome(More)
Background Lignocellulosic biomass is an important resource for renewable production of biofuels and bioproducts. Enzymes that deconstruct this biomass are critical for the viability of biomass-based biofuel production processes. Current commercial enzyme mixtures have limited thermotolerance. Thermophilic fungi may provide enzyme mixtures with greater(More)
The burning of kerosene in jet turbines is investigated for two reference flights with a Boeing 747-400 and an Airbus A320-200, representing the typical Lufthansa planes for long and middle distance. The ecological evaluation is performed by Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). Formation of condensation trails, which is a specific environmental impact caused by air(More)