Raphael B Moreno

Learn More
For decades, the source of Earth's volatiles, especially water with a deuterium-to-hydrogen ratio (D/H) of (1.558 ± 0.001) × 10(-4), has been a subject of debate. The similarity of Earth's bulk composition to that of meteorites known as enstatite chondrites suggests a dry proto-Earth with subsequent delivery of volatiles by local accretion or impacts of(More)
Human semen samples were analyzed by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry, using L'vov platforms and the method of standard additions, to determine their Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb and Zn content. The samples were analyzed directly and after conventional and microwave wet acid dissolution. Matrix modification, using magnesium and palladium nitrates and(More)
In July 1994, the collisions of the fragments of comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 with Jupiter resulted in dramatic changes in the planet's atmosphere. Observations of the events suggest that the composition and thermal properties of the atmosphere were considerably modified at the impact sites, with the changes persisting for times lasting from minutes to weeks(More)
The 'snowline' conventionally divides Solar System objects into dry bodies, ranging out to the main asteroid belt, and icy bodies beyond the belt. Models suggest that some of the icy bodies may have migrated into the asteroid belt. Recent observations indicate the presence of water ice on the surface of some asteroids, with sublimation a potential reason(More)
The gas activity of comet C/1999 S4 (LINEAR) was monitored at radio wavelengths during its disruption. A runaway fragmentation of the nucleus may have begun around 18 July 2000 and proceeded until 23 July. The mass in small icy debris (</=30-centimeter radius) was comparable to the mass in the large fragments seen in optical images. The mass budget after(More)
Spectra obtained from ground-based radio telescopes show the progressive release of CO, CH3OH, HCN, H2O (from OH), H2S, CS, H2CO, CH3CN, and HNC as comet Hale-Bopp (C/1995 01) approached the sun from 6.9 to 1.4 astronomical units (AU). The more volatile species were relatively more abundant in the coma far from the sun, but there was no direct correlation(More)
Bemisia tabaci is a significant pest for many crops, but there are few population studies of this insect on sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum). In this study, stage frequency data were generated with B. tabaci in sweet pepper plants in various situations, and the Bellows and Birley method was used to obtain population parameters from the data. The Akaike(More)
When comet C/1995 O1 (Hale-Boop) was discovered, at a distance of seven astronomical units from the sun, it was more than one hundred times brighter than comet Halley at the same distance. A comet's brightness is derived from the reflection of sunlight from dust grains driven away from the nucleus by the sublimation of volatile ices. Near the sun,(More)
A simple solution to the problem of a broken depth gauge is suggested. A hypodermic needle is bent to simulate the shape of a depth gauge and used in a similar way. This allows measurement of the screw length against the scale on the set. We would advocate this method only when there is no suitable alternative depth gauge available.
Three potential routes to generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) from alpha-tocopherolquinone (alpha-TQ) have been identified. The quinone of the water-soluble vitamin E analogue Trolox C (Trol-Q) is reduced by hydrated electron and isopropanol alpha-hydroxyalkyl radical, and the resulting semiquinone reacts with molecular oxygen to form superoxide(More)