Raphael A Torres

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OBJECTIVE Evaluate safety and efficacy of oral ganciclovir (GCV) for preventing cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease in HIV-infected persons at high risk for CMV disease. DESIGN Double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial in primary care clinics and private practice offices specializing in the care of people with HIV. Interventions were oral GCV(More)
PURPOSE Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) and toxoplasmic encephalitis are the most frequent pulmonary and central nervous system opportunistic infections associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. We designed a prospective study to compare the effects of aerosolized pentamidine and dapsone in the prophylaxis of these infections in(More)
One hundred forty-five patients were initially seen with Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP). Of the many features examined, several variables were identified early in the hospitalization for PCP that were associated with poor survival. These included multiple admissions, leukocytoses, elevated serum lactate dehydrogenase levels, decreased arterial oxygen(More)
Considerable evidence indicates that intravenous drug users are emerging as the group at greatest risk for both acquiring and spreading human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Thus, all possible methods to control the spread of HIV infection in intravenous drug users should be explored. Key recommendations are that HIV antibody testing of intravenous(More)
During two years all clinical genital lesions compatible with herpes simplex virus (HSV) etiology were studied systematically through intent of virus isolation in BHK cells. Isolation of virus was confirmed in 85% of the 206 cases studied. All seems to indicate that around the 20% of the isolations belong to the type HSV1 and the rest to the type HSV2.(More)
Neuroleptic malignant syndrome (NMS) is a potentially life-threatening adverse effect of antipsychotic agents. It generally is characterized by fever, altered mental status, rigidity, and autonomic dysfunction. A 53-year-old man developed NMS without rigidity while taking olanzapine. Such atypical cases may support either a spectrum concept of NMS or the(More)
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) seroprevalence among a selected sample of 169 high-risk homeless men residing in a congregate shelter in New York City, NY, was 62%. Seropositivity for HIV correlated significantly with intravenous drug use (odds ratio, 3.3; 95% confidence interval, 1.4 to 4.4) and active tuberculosis (odds ratio, 7.0; 95% confidence(More)