Raphael A Itzykson

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Metastasis is a multistep process during which cancer cells disseminate from the site of primary tumors and establish secondary tumors in distant organs. In a search for key regulators of metastasis in a murine breast tumor model, we have found that the transcription factor Twist, a master regulator of embryonic morphogenesis, plays an essential role in(More)
Prognostic factors for response and survival in higher-risk myelodysplastic syndrome patients treated with azacitidine (AZA) remain largely unknown. Two hundred eighty-two consecutive high or intermediate-2 risk myelodysplastic syndrome patients received AZA in a compassionate, patient-named program. Diagnosis was RA/RARS/RCMD in 4%, RAEB-1 in 20%, RAEB-2(More)
Myelodysplastic syndromes are clonal marrow stem-cell disorders, characterised by ineffective haemopoiesis leading to blood cytopenias, and by progression to acute myeloid leukaemia in a third of patients. 15% of cases occur after chemotherapy or radiotherapy for a previous cancer; the syndromes are most common in elderly people. The pathophysiology(More)
PURPOSE Azacitidine (AZA) is the current standard of care for high-risk (ie, International Prognostic Scoring System high or intermediate 2) myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), but most patients will experience primary or secondary treatment failure. The outcome of these patients has not yet been described. PATIENTS AND METHODS Overall, 435 patients with(More)
The impact of ten-eleven-translocation 2 (TET2) mutations on response to azacitidine (AZA) in MDS has not been reported. We sequenced the TET2 gene in 86 MDS and acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with 20-30% blasts treated by AZA, that is disease categories wherein this drug is approved by Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Thirteen patients (15%) carried TET2(More)
Limited data are available on azacitidine (AZA) treatment and its prognostic factors in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). One hundred and forty-nine previously untreated AML patients considered ineligible for intensive chemotherapy received AZA in a compassionate patient-named program. AML diagnosis was de novo, post-myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), post-MPN,(More)
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are clonal diseases of the elderly characterized by chronic cytopenias, dysplasia and a variable risk of progression to acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Aberrant methylation of tumor-suppressor gene promoters has been established for many years and recently tracked to the most immature cells of MDS, suggesting that these(More)
During many years, very limited data had been available on specific gene mutations in MDS in particular due to the fact that balanced chromosomal translocations (which have allowed to discover many "leukemia" genes) are very rare in MDS, while chromosomal deletions are generally very large, making it difficult to identify genes of interest. Recently, the(More)
Transformation of Philadelphia (Ph)-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) to myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is associated with poor response to chemotherapy and short survival. Fifty-four patients with Ph-negative MPN (including 21 essential thrombocythemia [ET], 21 polycythemia vera [PV], 7 primary myelofibrosis, and(More)