Raphaël Maréchal

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Gemcitabine and oxaliplatin (GEMOX) are active as first-line therapy against advanced pancreatic cancer. This study aims to evaluate the activity and tolerability of this combination in patients refractory to standard gemcitabine (GEM). A total of 33 patients (median age of 57) were included with locally advanced and metastatic evaluable diseases, who had(More)
UNLABELLED Immune dysregulations in alcoholic liver diseases are still unclear, especially regarding alcoholic hepatitis inflammatory burst. Interleukin-17 (IL-17) is known to enhance neutrophil recruitment. We studied the IL-17 pathway in alcoholic cirrhosis and alcoholic hepatitis. Patients with alcoholic liver disease were compared with patients with(More)
Chemokines and their receptors are involved in tumourigenicity and clinicopathological significance of chemokines receptor expression in pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PA) is not fully understood. This study was conducted to determine patients' outcome according to the expressions of CXCR4, CXCR7 and HIF-1alpha after resection of PA. Immunohistochemistry for(More)
BACKGROUND Prognosis of patients with pancreatic adenocarcinoma is poor. Many prognostic biomarkers have been tested, but most studies included heterogeneous patients. We aimed to investigate the prognostic and/or predictive values of four relevant biomarkers in a multicentric cohort of patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 471 patients who had(More)
BACKGROUND Gemcitabine monotherapy is the cornerstone of the treatment of patients suffering from advanced pancreatic cancer (PC). For a few years, new chemotherapeutic agents and combinations have been under validation. The use of such treatment makes it necessary to determine factors that could predict survival time. PATIENTS AND METHODS To identify(More)
OBJECTIVES Gemcitabine is the backbone therapy of patients with advanced pancreatic cancer. Its tolerability and efficacy remain poorly studied in elderly. METHODS We selected patients coming from phase 2 and 3 studies, conducted between January 2001 and December 2004 in our department, evaluating gemcitabine-based first-line chemotherapy. We evaluated(More)
PURPOSE Gemcitabine is a promising adjuvant treatment for patients with resected pancreatic adenocarcinoma and its use in combination with radiotherapy is under exploration. Human equilibrative nucleoside transporter 1 (hENT1) and human concentrative nucleoside transporter (hCNT) 1 and 3 are the major transporters responsible for(More)
We investigated possible immunological changes in 15 professional football players before, during and after the sports season. We studied the leucocyte count as well as different functions such as T-lymphocyte proliferation, NK activity, chemotaxis and phagocytosis of neutrophils. Training and competitions did not produce any change in the total number of(More)
BACKGROUND Gemcitabine (2',2'-difluorodeoxycytidine) administration after resection of pancreatic cancer improves both disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS). Deoxycytidine kinase (dCK) mediates the rate-limiting catabolic step in the activation of gemcitabine. The authors of this report studied patient outcomes according to the expression of(More)
Activity of cetuximab, a chimeric monoclonal antibody targeting the epidermal growth factor receptor, is largely attributed to its direct antiproliferative and proapoptotic effects. Antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity (ADCC) could be another possible mechanism of cetuximab antitumor effects and its specific contribution on the clinical activity of(More)