Raphaël C Heinzer

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BACKGROUND Sleep-disordered breathing is associated with major morbidity and mortality. However, its prevalence has mainly been selectively studied in populations at risk for sleep-disordered breathing or cardiovascular diseases. Taking into account improvements in recording techniques and new criteria used to define respiratory events, we aimed to assess(More)
CONTEXT Patients with venous thromboembolism (VTE) are susceptible to recurrent events, but whether prolonging anticoagulation is warranted in patients with VTE remains controversial. OBJECTIVE To review the available evidence and quantify the risks and benefits of extending the duration of anticoagulation in patients with VTE. DATA SOURCES PubMed,(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the intra-observer and overall agreement in the interpretation of chest X-rays (CXRs) performed for detecting tuberculosis (TB) among immigrants in Switzerland. METHOD Four hundred digitalised CXRs from the files of immigrant registration centres were selected and read twice in random order by three readers. The readers had to assess(More)
Narcolepsy is a rare sleep disorder with the strongest human leukocyte antigen (HLA) association ever reported. Since the associated HLA-DRB1*1501-DQB1*0602 haplotype is common in the general population (15-25%), it has been suggested that it is almost necessary but not sufficient for developing narcolepsy. To further define the genetic basis of narcolepsy(More)
BACKGROUND Most patients with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) can restore airflow after an obstructive respiratory event without arousal at least some of the time. The mechanisms that enable this ventilatory recovery are unclear but probably include increased upper airway dilator muscle activity and/or changes in respiratory timing. The aims of this study(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To estimate the course of slow-wave activity (SWA), its amount during the night, and its correlation with daytime sleepiness in sleep apnea syndrome (SAS) patients. This study also verified whether continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment also restores a normal pattern of SWA in severe SAS patients. PARTICIPANTS Ten patients(More)
BACKGROUND During sleep, sudden drops in pulse wave amplitude (PWA) measured by pulse oximetry are commonly associated with simultaneous arousals and are thought to result from autonomic vasoconstriction. In the present study, we determine whether PWA drops were associated with changes in cortical activity as determined by EEG spectral analysis. METHODS A(More)
Sleep bruxism (SB) consists of involuntary episodic and repetitive jaw muscle activity characterized by occasional tooth grinding or jaw clenching during sleep. Prevalence decreases from 20% to 14% in childhood to 8% to 3% in adulthood. Although the causes and mechanisms of idiopathic primary SB are unknown, putative candidates include psychologic risk(More)
OBJECTIVE Sleep disordered breathing with central apnea or hypopnea frequently occurs at high altitude and is thought to be caused by a decrease in blood CO(2) level. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of added respiratory dead space on sleep disordered breathing. METHODS Full polysomnographies were performed on 12 unacclimatized swiss(More)
BACKGROUND Diagnosis of sleep-disordered breathing requires overnight recordings, such as polygraphy or polysomnography. Considering the cost and low availability of these procedures, preselection of patients at high risk is recommended. We aimed to develop a screening tool allowing identification of individuals at risk of sleep-disordered breathing. (More)