Learn More
  • Raoul Zana
  • Advances in colloid and interface science
  • 2002
Dimeric and oligomeric surfactants are novel surfactants that are presently attracting considerable interest in the academic and industrial communities working on surfactants. This paper first presents a number of chemical structures that have been reported for ionic, amphoteric and nonionic dimeric and oligomeric surfactants. The following aspects of these(More)
  • Raoul Zana
  • Journal of colloid and interface science
  • 2002
Dimeric (gemini) surfactants are made up of two amphiphilic moieties connected at the level of, or very close to, the head groups by a spacer group of varying nature: hydrophilic or hydrophobic, rigid or flexible. These surfactants represent a new class of surfactants that is finding its way into surfactant-based formulations. The nature of the spacer group(More)
Very long threadlike micelles observed in aqueous solutions of some surfactants have attracted much attention because of the peculiar rheological properties of these systems. Molecular dynamics simulations have suggested that branched threadlike micelles should exist in concentrated solutions of dimeric surfactants. Here experimental evidence, obtained from(More)
  • Raoul Zana
  • Langmuir : the ACS journal of surfaces and…
  • 2004
The tetrabutylammonium (TBA) salts of fatty acids, from dodecanoic acid (C12) to octacosanoic acid (C28), have been prepared by direct neutralization of the fatty acid by TBA hydroxide. Unexpectedly, all of these surfactants have been found to be soluble in water under the form of micelles at a sufficiently high temperature. For instance, the solubility of(More)
Time-resolved fluorescence quenching (TRFQ) and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) were employed to characterize micelles of dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide and chloride (DTAB and DTAC) as reaction media. For DTAB, the aggregation numbers, N, and the quenching rate constant of pyrene by hexadecylpyridinium chloride, kq, were measured with TRFQ. Both(More)
The hydration of dodecyltrimethylammonium (DTAB) micelles is reinterpreted in light of the results of the companion paper (immediately preceding this paper) that showed that the location of the spin probe 16-doxylstearic acid methyl ester (16DSE) changes as a function of the aggregation number, N, of anionic micelles, i.e, that it does not conform to the(More)
The enthalpies of dilution of micellar solutions of several 12-s-12 dimeric surfactants of the alkanediyl-alpha,omega-bis(dodecyldi-methylammonium bromide) type, differing by the carbon number s of the alkanediyl spacer, and of dodecyltrimethylammonium bromide (DTAB) have been measured calorimetrically, in a range of concentrations extending from well below(More)
The surfactants cesium, tetramethylammonium, tetraethylammonium, tetrapropylammonium and tetrabutylammonium dodecyl sulfates (CsDS, TMADS, TEADS, TPADS, and TBADS) have been synthesized by ion-exchange. The critical micellization concentration in the absence of added salt (cmc) has been determined at 10, 25, and 40 °C using the electrical conductivity(More)
The morphologies and dynamics of aggregates formed by surfactant molecules are known to influence strongly performance properties spanning biology, household cleaning, and soil cleanup. Molecular dynamics simulations were used to investigate the morphology and dynamics of a class of surfactants, the gemini or dimeric surfactants, that are of potential(More)
  • Raoul Zana
  • Journal of colloid and interface science
  • 2002
The melting temperature T(M) of two series of dimeric (gemini) surfactants, the alkanediyl-alpha,omega-bis(dodecyl and hexadecyl dimethylammonium bromide), referred to as 12-s-12 and 16-s-16, respectively (s = carbon number of the alkanediyl spacer), and the Krafft temperature T(K) of 1 wt% aqueous solutions of these surfactants have been measured. The(More)