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BACKGROUND Early improvements in disease-free survival have been noted when an aromatase inhibitor is given either instead of or sequentially after tamoxifen in postmenopausal women with oestrogen-receptor-positive early breast cancer. However, little information exists on the long-term effects of aromatase inhibitors after treatment, and whether these(More)
116 patients aged 70 or over who were judged to have surgically resectable cancer of the breast were prospectively randomised to tamoxifen 20 mg daily or surgical resection. At a median follow-up of three years, local relapse or progression was seen in 15 (25%) of 60 patients in the tamoxifen group and 21 (37.5%) of 56 in the surgical arm. Distant(More)
A complementary DNA library from MCF-7 cells was screened using 32P-cDNA derived from a breast carcinoma and from normal breast tissue. From 10(5) plaques (20% of library) we obtained a clone (Md2) which was differentially expressed in the carcinoma. The distribution of its corresponding transcript of 6-700 nucleotides was examined in normal and neoplastic(More)
PURPOSE Inhibition of steroid sulfatase (STS), the enzyme responsible for the hydrolysis of steroid sulfates, represents a potential novel treatment for postmenopausal women with hormone-dependent breast cancer. Estrone and DHEA are formed by this sulfatase pathway and can be converted to steroids (estradiol and androstenediol, respectively), which have(More)
SIRT proteins play an important role in the survival and drug resistance of tumor cells, especially during chemotherapy. In this study, we investigated the potency, specificity, and cellular targets of three SIRT inhibitors, Sirtinol, Salermide, and EX527. Cell proliferative and cell cycle analyses showed that Sirtinol and Salermide, but not EX527, were(More)
BACKGROUND Bone-marrow micrometastases have been found in patients with primary breast cancer. We report long-term follow-up of women with primary breast cancer, diagnosed between 1981 and 1986, who had multiple aspirates taken at the time of initial surgery. METHODS 350 women with primary breast cancer were examined immunocytochemically with antibody to(More)
Trichostatin A is a potent and specific histone deacetylase inhibitor with promising antitumor activity in preclinical models. Plasma pharmacokinetics of trichostatin A were studied following single-dose intraperitoneal administration of 80 mg/kg (high dose) or 0.5 mg/kg (low dose) to female BALB/c mice. Plasma trichostatin A concentrations were quantified(More)
  • U Berger, R A McClelland, +6 authors R C Coombes
  • 1991
We have determined the estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor (PR), and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 receptor content of 136 breast carcinomas by an immunocytochemical method. The presence of the three receptors was not related to clinical features of presentation such as T-stage or to age or menopausal status. However, each of the three receptors has a(More)
The presence and distribution of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and transforming growth factor beta 1 in benign and malignant human breast tissue were determined by immunohistochemistry and immunoblotting. Peroxidase staining of biopsy specimens using a polyclonal antibody to amino acids 1-24 of bFGF and a monoclonal antibody to whole recombinant(More)
Although ion channels are increasingly being discovered in cancer cells in vitro and in vivo, and shown to contribute to different aspects and stages of the cancer process, much less is known about the mechanisms controlling their expression. Here, we focus on voltage-gated Na(+) channels (VGSCs) which are upregulated in many types of carcinomas where their(More)