Raoul Charles Coombes

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BACKGROUND Early improvements in disease-free survival have been noted when an aromatase inhibitor is given either instead of or sequentially after tamoxifen in postmenopausal women with oestrogen-receptor-positive early breast cancer. However, little information exists on the long-term effects of aromatase inhibitors after treatment, and whether these(More)
116 patients aged 70 or over who were judged to have surgically resectable cancer of the breast were prospectively randomised to tamoxifen 20 mg daily or surgical resection. At a median follow-up of three years, local relapse or progression was seen in 15 (25%) of 60 patients in the tamoxifen group and 21 (37.5%) of 56 in the surgical arm. Distant(More)
A complementary DNA library from MCF-7 cells was screened using 32P-cDNA derived from a breast carcinoma and from normal breast tissue. From 10(5) plaques (20% of library) we obtained a clone (Md2) which was differentially expressed in the carcinoma. The distribution of its corresponding transcript of 6-700 nucleotides was examined in normal and neoplastic(More)
The presence and distribution of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and transforming growth factor beta 1 in benign and malignant human breast tissue were determined by immunohistochemistry and immunoblotting. Peroxidase staining of biopsy specimens using a polyclonal antibody to amino acids 1-24 of bFGF and a monoclonal antibody to whole recombinant(More)
The aromatase inhibitor, 'pyridoglutethimide' (PyG), has been shown previously to suppress serum oestrogen levels in postmenopausal breast cancer patients and to achieve clinical responses at a dose of 500 mg twice daily (b.d.). This report gives the results of a detailed pharmacokinetic and endocrine study of PyG in ten patients. Four doses were tested at(More)
4-Hydroxyandrostenedione (CGP32349; 4-OHA) is a clinically effec tive treatment for advanced postmenopausal breast cancer by both the parenteral and p.o. routes, as a result of its inhibition of ¡immutasi-and consequent suppression of plasma estrogen levels. Thirty patients were randomized to treatment with 250 mg 4-OHA orally once, twice, and 4 times(More)
Estrone sulfatase is an important mechanism of local synthesis of biologically active estrogens in human breast cancer. The human placental microsome and breast carcinoma mitochondrial/microsomal estrone sulfatase activity were characterized and inhibition studies performed. The Km of the placental tissue enzyme was 6.83 microM, Vmax 0.015 nmol/min/mg, and(More)
4-hydroxyandrostenedione, a potent inhibitor of the aromatase (oestrogen synthetase) system, was given to 11 patients with metastatic breast cancer. After a single 500 mg intramuscular injection a sustained reduction of serum oestradiol was observed for at least 1 week in all patients in whom the steroid was measured. 4 patients responded to treatment for(More)
There is a pressing need for more effective appetite-stimulatory therapies for many patient groups including those with cancer. We have previously demonstrated that the gastric hormone ghrelin potently enhances appetite in healthy volunteers. Here, we performed an acute, randomized, placebo-controlled, cross-over clinical trial to determine whether ghrelin(More)