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BACKGROUND Early improvements in disease-free survival have been noted when an aromatase inhibitor is given either instead of or sequentially after tamoxifen in postmenopausal women with oestrogen-receptor-positive early breast cancer. However, little information exists on the long-term effects of aromatase inhibitors after treatment, and whether these(More)
4-Hydroxyandrostenedione (4-OHA), a potent new aromatase inhibitor, was given i.m. (500-1000 mg) to 58 patients with advanced postmenopausal breast cancer. Of 52 assessable patients 14 responded (27%), in 10 (19%) the disease stabilized, and in 28 (54%) the disease progressed. Sterile abscesses occurred at the injection site in 6 patients and painful lumps(More)
BACKGROUND Increasing numbers of patients with early cancer undergo routine staging using computerized tomography (CT). Those in whom indeterminate pulmonary nodules are visualized without the presence of other metastatic lesions represent a clinical dilemma regarding their management as early breast cancer or metastatic disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS(More)
A complementary DNA library from MCF-7 cells was screened using 32P-cDNA derived from a breast carcinoma and from normal breast tissue. From 10(5) plaques (20% of library) we obtained a clone (Md2) which was differentially expressed in the carcinoma. The distribution of its corresponding transcript of 6-700 nucleotides was examined in normal and neoplastic(More)
BACKGROUND Bone-marrow micrometastases have been found in patients with primary breast cancer. We report long-term follow-up of women with primary breast cancer, diagnosed between 1981 and 1986, who had multiple aspirates taken at the time of initial surgery. METHODS 350 women with primary breast cancer were examined immunocytochemically with antibody to(More)
Phosphorylation provides an important mechanism by which transcription factor activity is regulated. Estrogen receptor alpha (ERalpha) is phosphorylated on multiple sites, and stimulation of a number of growth factor receptors and/or protein kinases leads to ligand-independent and/or synergistic increase in transcriptional activation by ERalpha in the(More)
The arginine vasopressin and oxytocin content of normal and cancerous human breast tissue were measured using radioimmunoassay. Both peptides were present in amounts greater than that found in the circulation, but no difference between normal and malignant tissues was found. Binding of [3H]oxytocin and [3H]vasopressin were characterized in human breast(More)
The use of anthracyclines such as doxorubicin (DOX) has improved outcome in cancer patients, yet associated risks of cardiomyopathy have limited their clinical application. DOX-associated cardiotoxicity is frequently irreversible and typically progresses to heart failure (HF) but our understanding of molecular mechanisms underlying this and essential for(More)
A selective inhibitor of aromatase is widely sought for the treatment of postmenopausal women with breast cancer. CGS 16949A has been shown to be a highly selective, potent inhibitor of aromatase in vitro. Its potency as an oestrogen suppressant and its selectivity were examined by treating 24 postmenopausal patients with advanced breast cancer for 4 weeks(More)
Trichostatin A is a potent and specific histone deacetylase inhibitor with promising antitumor activity in preclinical models. Plasma pharmacokinetics of trichostatin A were studied following single-dose intraperitoneal administration of 80 mg/kg (high dose) or 0.5 mg/kg (low dose) to female BALB/c mice. Plasma trichostatin A concentrations were quantified(More)