Raoul Bernards

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Changes in the residential load warrant the investigation into more advanced planning methods for distribution grids. Smart grid alternatives require detailed information on network loading, and a risk based evaluation of different planning options, via a probabilistic approach. To limit the increased computational burden associated with this increased(More)
Ongoing developments in the electricity system are changing the requirements for planning and design of distribution networks. Based on field research at several Dutch distribution network operators a conceptual planning process is defined and current practices in distribution network planning in the Netherlands are investigated. Currently mainly(More)
In this paper a scenario-based method for long term load forecasting is proposed that incorporates the uncertainty and diversity in adoption of future developments in the evaluation and planning process of low voltage grids and that is able to account for local differences in expected loading. The approach incorporates the influence of local parameters in(More)
This paper demonstrates the influence of the fault arc on the magnitude of the fault current for single phase to ground faults in underground power cables. A method is suggested which allows incorporation of this impact in practical fault current calculations. Earth faults in underground cable networks depend on many parameters and are therefore complex to(More)
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