Ranjit Thapa

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Electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction are a critical component that may dramatically enhance the performance of fuel cells and metal-air batteries, which may provide the power for future electric vehicles. Here we report a novel bio-inspired composite electrocatalyst, iron phthalocyanine with an axial ligand anchored on single-walled carbon nanotubes,(More)
Graphene quantum dots are known to exhibit tunable photoluminescence (PL) through manipulation of edge functionality under various synthesis conditions. Here, we report observation of excitation dependent anomalous m-n type fingerprint PL transition in synthesized amino functionalized graphene quantum dots (5-7 nm). The effect of band-to-band π*-π and(More)
A scalable and controllable nanoscale perforation method for graphene is developed on the basis of the two-step thermal activation of a graphene aerogel. Different resistance to the thermal oxidation between graphitic and defective domains in the weakly reduced graphene oxide is exploited for the self-limiting nanoscale perforation in the graphene basal(More)
Using density functional theory we investigate the electronic and atomic structure of fullerene-like boron nitride cage structures. The pentagonal ring leads to the formation of homonuclear bonds. The homonuclear bonds are also found in other BN structures having pentagon line defect. The calculated thermodynamics and vibrational spectra indicated that,(More)
Introduction of defects and nitrogen doping are two of the most pursued methods to tailor the properties of graphene for better suitability to applications such as catalysis and energy conversion. Doping nitrogen atoms at defect sites of graphene and codoping them along with boron atoms can further increase the efficiency of such systems due to better(More)
A flexible cold cathode based on a uniform array of ZnO nanowires over carbon fabrics was designed via a simple wet chemical route. The structural parameters of the nanowires (i.e. length, diameter) as well as their arrangement over the carbon fibers were tailored by adjusting nutrient solution composition and growth duration. The optimized arrays of ZnO(More)
Single and multiple As adatom adsorptions on double vacancy (DV) defect graphene sheets are extensively analyzed using dispersive force corrected density functional theory (DFT). Defect pentagonal and heptagonal bridge sites and the immediate neighborhood of the defect center are found to be most favorable for this purpose. Quantitative analysis of(More)
We investigated the microscopic mechanism of ion transport in iodide ionic liquid, using first-principles calculations. We show that the desorption barrier of polyiodides (I3(-) or I5(-)) from the cation is in a similar energy range as or higher than the barrier for the bond dissociation and ensued desorption of neutral iodine (I2). This suggests that,(More)
The lowering of the work function (Φ) can lead to a better field emission (FE) behavior at lower threshold fields. We report on enhanced FE from randomly oriented and faceted Au-capped ZnO hetero-nanostructures (HNs) having more oxygen defects. Large-area arrays of non-aligned, faceted Au-capped ZnO HNs, such as nanowires (NWs) and triangular nanoflakes(More)
First-principles based calculations are performed to investigate the dehydrogenation kinetics considering doping at various layers of MgH2 (110) surface. Doping at first and second layer of MgH2 (110) has a significant role in lowering the H2 desorption (from surface) barrier energy, whereas the doping at third layer has no impact on the barrier energy.(More)