Learn More
UNLABELLED The role of autophagy in disease pathogenesis following viral infection is beginning to be elucidated. We have previously reported that hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in hepatocytes induces autophagy. However, the biological significance of HCV-induced autophagy has not been clarified. Autophagy has recently been identified as a novel(More)
We have previously reported that immortalized human hepatocytes (IHH) support the generation of infectious hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1a (clone H77). In the present study, we have investigated the growth of HCV genotype 1a (clone H77) through serial passages and accompanying changes in IHH in response to infection. Eleven serial passages of HCV(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is a major contributor to the development of end-stage liver disease, including cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We have previously shown that HCV core protein promotes immortalization of primary human hepatocytes. To identify molecular changes involved in core protein-mediated immortalization, we have(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is frequently associated with the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which is one of the male-dominant diseases. Androgen signaling in liver may be related to carcinogenesis. In this study, we investigated whether HCV proteins cross talk with the androgen receptor (AR) signaling pathway for promotion of(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a serious human pathogen and an estimated 170 million people are infected worldwide. Current therapeutic regimens have shown limited efficacy against selected genotypes of the virus. The phenomenon of RNA interference can be used to selectively block homologous genes post-transcriptionally, and has revolutionized approaches to(More)
Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is often associated with insulin resistance and hepatic steatosis. Insulin regulates gene expression of key enzymes in glucose and lipid metabolism by modulating the activity of specific Forkhead box transcriptional regulators (FoxO1 and FoxA2) via the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-Akt signaling pathway in(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major etiologic agent of chronic hepatitis worldwide and may lead to the development of hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the mechanism of development of chronic hepatitis or hepatocarcinogenesis by HCV remains unclear. In the present study, we have investigated the effect of nonstructural protein 5A (NS5A) on TNF- and(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a major etiologic agent for chronic hepatitis worldwide often leading to the development of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. However, the mechanism for development of chronic hepatitis or hepatocarcinogenesis by HCV remains unclear. HCV NS5A protein possesses many intriguing properties, including sequestration of p53 in the(More)
We have previously shown that hepatitis C virus (HCV) core protein modulates multiple cellular processes, including those that inhibit tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha)-mediated apoptosis. In this study, we have investigated the signaling mechanism for inhibition of TNF-alpha-mediated apoptosis in human hepatoma (HepG2) cells expressing core protein(More)