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Anomalous extra-spinal left-right skeletal length asymmetries have been detected in girls with adolescent idiopathic (AIS) in four sites (1) upper limbs, (2) periapical ribs, (3) ilium, and (4) right(More)
INTRODUCTION In girls with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) the finding of abnormal extra-spinal bilateral skeletal length asymmetries in upper limbs, periapical ribs, and ilia begs the question(More)
In the scoliotic spine, torsion is generally evaluated in relation to axial rotation of the apical vertebra. In the lower limbs, the changes in torsion by age of femoral anteversion (FAV) relative to(More)
A Scoliometer was used by one observer (RKP) to assess the reproducibility of angle of trunk inclinations (ATIs) in 13 preoperative patients with AIS (thoracic 7, thoracolumbar 6, mean Cobb angle 50(More)
There is increasing support for the view that the unique human bipedalism and the erect posture are prerequisites for the pathogenesis of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). How human bipedalism(More)
The standing forward bending position is in general use for the early detection of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. It also reveals humps caused by leg-length inequality and for this reason some(More)