Ranjani Parthasarathy

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Activins and other members of the transforming growth factor beta family play a critical role in morphological changes of the epidermis that require epithelial cell movement. We investigated the molecular pathways in the transmission of activin signals that lead to actin reorganization and epithelial cell migration. We found that activins cause the(More)
Human gliomas are highly invasive, and remain to be a major obstacle for any effective therapeutic remedy. Among many other factors, gliomas express elevated levels of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), which have been implicated to play an important role in tumor invasion as well as neovascularization. The tumor suppressor gene mutated in multiple advanced(More)
The mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK) kinase 1 (MEKK1) mediates activin B signals required for eyelid epithelium morphogenesis during mouse fetal development. The present study investigates the role of MEKK1 in epithelial wound healing, another activin-regulated biological process. In a skin wound model, injury markedly stimulates MEKK1(More)
Here we describe a post-translational modification of SC-63032, a variant of the species restricted, multi-lineage hematopoeitic factor human interleukin-3 (hIL-3). We have made two new dendritic polymer (polyamidoamine or PAMAM dendrimers, generation 5)-SC-63032 bioconjugates. Using two distinct chemistries (one of which is novel to this work), we achieved(More)
Because of their antiproliferative and differentiation-inducing properties, retinoids have been used clinically as therapeutic and chemopreventive agents against squamous-cell carcinomas (SCC). As is the case for many therapeutic agents, however, the administration of retinoids is associated with toxic effects. Because encapsulation of certain drugs in(More)
Treatment with all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) induces complete remission in many acute promyelocytic leukemia patients. However, plasma drug levels progressively decrease following prolonged treatment with oral ATRA. This decrease is due, at least in part, to the induced cytochrome P-450-dependent metabolism of ATRA. To investigate if incorporation of ATRA(More)
Purpose: To optimize the delivery of all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) to lung tissue, we determined the potential of vehiculating the drug in liposomes (L-ATRA) and delivering it via aerosol. Liposomes may provide a means to prevent local irritation of lung tissue and reduce pulmonary toxicity, prolong therapeutic levels and generate high drug concentrations(More)
Activating mutations of the RET proto-oncogene cause hereditary medullary thyroid carcinoma. To examine whether selective inactivation of mutant RET could prevent transformation, a hammerhead ribozyme was designed to cleave RET mRNA containing a transforming mutation of codon 634 TGC --> TAC (Cys634Tyr). In vitro RNA cleavage assay demonstrated that the(More)
This paper presents the hardware architecture for fractal image compression (FIC) with quadtree partitioning. Fractal image coding with quadtree partitioning allows one to produce higher quality of image. Processing image areas of different complexity with image blocks of varying size enables proper exploration of image details. Additionally, exploiting(More)