Ranjana Mehrotra

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Vinblastine is a chemotherapeutic drug, used for the treatment of various cancers. It functions by interfering with DNA in fast growing cells and preventing them from reproducing. The present work is focused on the interaction of vinblastine with double stranded DNA in aqueous solution. Fourier transform infrared and UV-Visible absorption spectroscopy were(More)
5-Fluorouracil (5FU) is an anticancer chemotherapeutic drug which exerts cytotoxic effect by inhibiting cellular DNA replication. In the present study, we explore the binding of 5FU with DNA and resulting structural and conformational changes on DNA duplex. UV-visible, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) and circular dichroism (CD) spectroscopic techniques(More)
BACKGROUND Ovarian cancer is the second most common cancer among women and the leading cause of death among gynecologic malignancies. In recent years, infrared (IR) spectroscopy has gained attention as a simple and inexpensive method for the biomedical study of several diseases. In the present study infrared spectra of normal and malignant ovarian tissues(More)
Investigation of drug-DNA interaction is important for understanding the drug action at molecular level and for designing specific DNA targeted drug. Lomustine (CCNU=1-[2-chloroethyl]-3-cyclohexyl-1-nitroso-urea) is an alkylating antineoplastic nitrosourea derivative, used to treat different types of cancer. In the present study, conformational and(More)
Mitoxantrone (MTX) (1,4-dihydroxy-5,8-bis[[2-[(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]ethyl]amino]-9,10-anthracenedione) is a synthetic antineoplastic drug, widely used as a potent chemotherapeutic agent in the treatment of various types of cancer. It is structurally similar to classical anthracyclines. Widespread interest in the anticancer agent mitoxantrone has arisen(More)
The binding of vincristine with DNA has been investigated using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Various changes in the double helical structure of DNA after addition of vincristine have been examined. It is evident from Fourier transform infrared results that vincristine-DNA interaction occurs through guanine and cytosine base pairs. External(More)
Chlorambucil (CMB) is an anticancer drug used for the treatment of variety of cancers. Structural and conformational changes associated with DNA after binding with CMB were explored using spectroscopic techniques to get insight into the mechanism of action of CMB at molecular level. Different molar ratios of CMB-DNA complex were prepared with constant DNA(More)
Proper understanding of the mechanism of binding of drugs to their targets in cell is a fundamental requirement to develop new drug therapy regimen. Amsacrine is a rationally designed anticancer drug, used to treat leukemia and lymphoma. Binding with cellular DNA is a crucial step in its mechanism of cytotoxicity. Despite numerous studies, DNA binding(More)
Amsacrine is an anilinoacridine derivative anticancer drug, used to treat a wide variety of malignancies. In cells, amsacrine poisons topoisomerase 2 by stabilizing DNA-drug-enzyme ternary complex. Presence of amsacrine increases the steady-state concentration of these ternary complexes which in turn hampers DNA replication and results in subsequent cell(More)
Nitrosourea therapeutics occupies a definite place in cancer therapy but its exact mechanism of action has yet to be established. Nimustine, a chloroethyl nitrosourea derivative, is used to treat various types of malignancy including gliomas. The present work focuses on the understanding of nimustine interaction with DNA to delineate its mechanism at(More)