Learn More
Microbial keratinases have become biotechnologically important since they target the hydrolysis of highly rigid, strongly cross-linked structural polypeptide “keratin” recalcitrant to the commonly known proteolytic enzymes trypsin, pepsin and papain. These enzymes are largely produced in the presence of keratinous substrates in the form of hair, feather,(More)
High yields (1939 U/ml) of an alkaline protease were obtained in batch fermentation of a Bacillus sp. using a response surface methodology. The interaction of four variables, viz., starch, peptone, incubation time, and inoculum density, suggested inoculum density to be an insignificant variable. However, incubation time had a profound effect on protease(More)
A simple activity staining protocol for rapid detection and differentiation of lipases and esterases was developed based on pH drop due to fatty acids released following lipolysis. Though the detection of lipolysis as a function of drop in pH is not new, the present method has been made more sensitive by the judicious selection of the initial pH of the(More)
Keratinolytic Bacillus licheniformis RG1 was used to study the mechanism of keratinolysis. Scanning electron microscopy studies revealed that bacterial cells grew closely adhered to the barbules of feathers, completely degrading them within 24 h. Biochemical studies indicated that the Bacillus strain produced an extracellular protease, which had(More)
A 3.5-fold increase in keratinase production by Bacillus licheniformis RG1 was achieved by using statistical methods involving Plackett-Burman design and response surface methodology. Eight variables were screened using Plackett-Burman design. Of these, glucose, peptone and glutathione were found to affect the response signal positively, whereas CaCl(2) had(More)
A bleach-stable, thermotolerant, alkaline protease for detergent formulation from a newly isolated Bacillus SB5 is reported. Most (85%) activity of the enzyme was retained in the presence of 10% (v/v) H2O2 and 1% SDS (w/v) at 40 °C, after 1 h. The enzyme was optimal at pH 10 and 60 °C to 70 °C. Enzyme activity was enhanced 30 to 80% in presence of ionic and(More)
Oscillatoria anguistissima rapidly adsorbs appreciable amounts of cobalt from the aqueous solutions within 15 min of initial contact with the metal solution. O. anguistissima showed a high sequestration of cobalt at low equilibrium concentrations, and it followed the Freundlich model of adsorption. The adsorption is a strongly pH-dependent and(More)
Oscillatoria anguistissima rapidly adsorbs Cu2+ from aqueous solution. The adsorption of Cu2+ followed Freundlich Isotherm, and the amount of Cu2+ removed from solution increased with increasing Cu2+ concentration. The adsorption is pH dependent, and maximum Cu2+ removal occurs at pH 5. Of the various pretreatments, HCl treatment of the biomass increased(More)
A novel dimeric 58 kDa keratinase is reported from Bacillus licheniformis ER-15. The bacterium produced 244 U/ml keratinase in 48 h which was increased by eight fold (1962 U/ml) after medium optimization by one-variable-at-a-time and response surface methodology. Enzyme was concentrated by ultrafiltration followed by acetone precipitation and purified by(More)