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Patients with Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome type 2 (HPS-2) have mutations in the beta 3A subunit of adaptor complex-3 (AP-3) and functional deficiency of this complex. AP-3 serves as a coat protein in the formation of new vesicles, including, apparently, the platelet's dense body and the melanocyte's melanosome. We used HPS-2 melanocytes in culture to determine(More)
To define genes associated with the pigmentary disorder vitiligo, gene expression was compared in non-lesional melanocytes cultured from three vitiligo patients and from three control melanocyte cultures by differential display. A basic local alignment search tool search did not reveal homology of six differentially expressed cDNA fragments to previously(More)
Vitiligo presents with depigmented cutaneous lesions following localized melanocyte death. Multiple factors contribute to cell death, including genetically determined susceptibility to trauma, and environmental factors, such as exposure to 4-tert-butylphenol (4-TBP). We demonstrate that 4-TBP induces oxidative stress that is more readily overcome by(More)
It has been known for several decades that cutaneous depigmentation, i.e., contact/occupational vitiligo, can be caused by some phenolic derivatives that have a similar structure to tyrosine. Among these phenolic depigmenting agents, 4-tertiary butylphenol is the most potent. The cutaneous depigmentation induced by phenolic derivatives results from the loss(More)
This study was designed to determine the effect of diabetes on the function of the renal organic cation transport system that mediates the excretion of a wide variety of toxicants and drugs. The experiments compared the ability of renal cortex slices from streptozotocin-induced diabetic and non-diabetic rats to accumulate the model cation,(More)
Tyrosinase related protein-1 (TRP-1) is a melanocyte-specific gene product involved in eumelanin synthesis. Mutation in the Tyrp1 gene is associated with brown pelage in mouse and oculocutaneous albinism Type 3 in humans (OCA3). It has been demonstrated that TRP-1 expresses DHICA oxidase activity in the murine system. However, its actual function in the(More)
Mechanism of protection against cisplatin nephrotoxicity in streptozotocin-diabetic rats is unclear but is associated with decreased renal platinum accumulation. This study was designed to determine whether normalization of hyperglycaemia by insulin treatment to six week streptozotocin-diabetic rats reversed protection against cisplatin nephrotoxicity. Male(More)
Tyrosinase-related protein 1 (Tyrp1) is a melanocyte-specific gene product involved in eumelanin synthesis. Mutations in the mouse Tyrp1 gene are associated with brown pelage, and in the human TYRP1 gene with oculocutaneous albinism type 3 (OCA3). In the murine system, Tyrp1 expresses significant dihydroxyindole carboxylic acid oxidase (i.e. DHICA oxidase)(More)