Rangan Parimalan

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A protocol for direct organogenesis in Bixa orellana (pink flowers variety) has been developed with significant organogenic response from rooted hypocotyls, hypocotyl segments, and cotyledonary leaf explants on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with 2.0 mg L thidiazuron and 0.25% coconut water or 7.0 mg L N-Benzyladenine and 0.1 mg L(More)
Capsaicin is a unique alkaloid of the plant kingdom restricted to the genus Capsicum. Capsaicin is the pungency factor, a bioactive molecule of food and of medicinal importance. Capsaicin is useful as a counterirritant, antiarthritic, analgesic, antioxidant, and anticancer agent. Capsaicin biosynthesis involves condensation of vanillylamine and 8-methyl(More)
An efficient protocol for direct shoot organogenesis in Bixa orellana, known as achiote or annatto or Latkhan (India), has been developed. Using nodal shoot-tip explants, significant organogenetic responses, mean shoot number and shoot elongation were observed when these were incubated on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium containing 6.66 μM 6-benzyladenine(More)
Capsaicin is a bioactive molecule synthesized by enzymatic (putative capsaicin synthase) condensation of vanillylamine, a phenyl propanoid intermediate with 8-methyl-nonenoic acid, a fatty acid derivative from leucine/valine pathway. Analysis of levels of 8-methyl-nonenoic acid and phenyl propanoid intermediates in high, medium, and low pungent Capsicum(More)
An efficient micropropagation protocol for annatto (Bixa orellana L.) was achieved using nodal shoot tip explants. Shoot buds were obtained on the Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with various concentrations and combinations of indole-3-acetic acid (IAA), N6-benzyladenine (BA) and triacontanol (TRIA). Maximum of 213 shoot buds along with 18(More)
Establishment, maintenance, regeneration, and transformation of somatic embryos by both direct and indirect means (callus-mediated) was achieved for Bixa orellana, a tropical plant whose seeds produce commercially edible ‘annatto pigment,’ which mainly constitutes an apocarotenoid called bixin. Callus-mediated methodology was found to be efficient in(More)
Bixa orellana L. is a tree native to South America known for its reddish orange pigment ‘annatto’ produced only on the aril portion of its seeds. It is the most preferred natural food colorant next to saffron, having wide applications in the dairy industry and also as a cosmeceutical. Normal root cultures of B. orellana were established under in vitro(More)
A comprehensive germplasm evaluation study of wheat accessions conserved in the Indian National Genebank was conducted to identify sources of rust and spot blotch resistance. Genebank accessions comprising three species of wheat-Triticum aestivum, T. durum and T. dicoccum were screened sequentially at multiple disease hotspots, during the 2011-14 crop(More)
Annatto tree (Bixa orellana L.) is native to Brazil and is now under cultivation in many parts of world for its reddish orange 'annatto' dye. There are three types of landraces in annatto and they are distinguished based on fruit shape i.e., ovate, conical and hemispherical, whose pigment yield differs. Since annatto pigment yield varies with landrace, it(More)