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Huntington's disease is a neurodegenerative disorder, caused by an elongation of CAG repeats in the huntingtin gene. Mice with an insertion of an expanded polyglutamine repeat in the mouse huntingtin gene (knock-in mice) most closely model the disease because the mutation is expressed in the proper genomic and protein context. However, few knock-in mouse(More)
A decrease in levels of GluR2 (GluR-B) relative to other glutamate receptor subunits is correlated with increased Ca2+ permeability of non-NMDA glutamate receptor channels. Sustained Ca2+ influx mediated by GluR2 through these channels may contribute partly to the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative disorders. We examined the expression of glutamate receptor(More)
A mutant strain of Han-Wistar rat carries an autosomal recessive gene producing spastic paresis which is characterized by ataxia, tremor and hind limb rigidity. Brains of affected rats and unaffected littermate controls were transected at the mesencephalon into rostral and caudal portions (the caudal portion contained the cerebellum and brainstem). Poly(A)+(More)
The neuroprotective effects of the NMDA antagonists MK-801 and ketamine were analyzed in a mutant strain of Han-Wistar rats which develop neurodegeneration in the hippocampus and cerebellum. Previous experiments have shown that the progressive neuronal degeneration observed in this mutant may be the result of a dysfunctional glutamatergic system. For MK-801(More)
Excitotoxicity resulting from the dysfunction of glutamate receptors has been attributed to neurodegeneration seen in many brain disorders. In our laboratory, the spastic Han Wistar mutant is currently utilized as a potential model of excitotoxicity. The mutant is characterized by progressive neuronal degeneration, hindlimb paresis and ataxia which(More)
Animals, including insects, have the ability to self-select an optimal diet from a choice of two or more incomplete diets that lack an essential nutrient. This paper demonstrates that nymphs of the cockroach Rhyparobia madera also have this ability. The nymphs chose a protein:carbohydrate (P:C) ratio of approximately 25:75 when faced with a choice between(More)
RC3 (neurogranin) is a neuron-specific substrate of protein kinase C (PKC) that accumulates predominantly in dendritic spines of forebrain neurons and undergoes long-term potentiation (LTP)-associated increases in PKC-phosphorylation in hippocampal slices. Here the hypothesis that RC3 functions by modulating the IP3/DAG second messenger pathway after its(More)
Fetal neostriatal tissue was transplanted into either the neostriatum or substantia nigra of adult rats. One to 6 months after transplantation, coronal brain slices were taken through the rostrocaudal extent of the transplants and neurons were characterized electrophysiologically using an in vitro slice preparation. When compared to control neurons taken(More)
Single-site variants in the calmodulin-binding domain of RC3/neurogranin were heterologously expressed in Xenopus oocytes to examine their effects on serotonin-evoked currents. RC3 variants serine36 -->alanine (Ser36-->Ala), serine36-->glycine (Ser36-->Gly), and phenylalanine37-->tryptophan (Phe37-->Trp), which bind calmodulin but are deficient in protein(More)