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The functional equivalence of overt movements and dynamic imagery is of fundamental importance in neuroscience. Here, we investigated the participation of the neocortical motor areas in a classic task of dynamic imagery, Shepard and Metzler's mental rotation task, by time-resolved single-trial functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI). The subjects(More)
Exploratory data-driven methods such as Fuzzy clustering analysis (FCA) and Principal component analysis (PCA) may be considered as hypothesis-generating procedures that are complementary to the hypothesis-led statistical inferential methods in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Here, a comparison between FCA and PCA is presented in a systematic(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to identify central loci that activate in response to visceral stimuli (stool and pain). We had a particular interest in observing the anterior cingulate gyrus and frontal cortex in normals and in patients with intestinal disease, including inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). METHODS Subjects underwent(More)
We examined whether cerebral activation due to secondary hyperalgesia resulting from intrajoint capsaicin injection could be detected using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in alpha-chloralose anesthetized rats. We also examined whether we could detect analgesic changes in the central nervous system response to pain as a result of physiotherapy(More)
Arginine vasopressin and a number of its synthetic analogs augment memory functions in experimental animals. One of these analogs, 1-desamino-8-D-arginine vasopressin (DDAVP), influences human learning and memory. Cognitively unimpaired, as well as cognitively impaired adults, treated with DDAVP for a period of several days, learn information more(More)
To evaluate the effect of hypothermic circulatory arrest on brain metabolism, we used 31P-magnetic resonance spectroscopy to monitor brain metabolites in pigs during 2 hours of ischemia and 1 hour of reperfusion. Twenty-eight pigs were divided into five groups. Anesthesia (n = 5) and hypothermic cardiopulmonary bypass groups (n = 5) served as controls. In(More)
BACKGROUND In the past few years, although significant efforts have been made to assess flow distribution during retrograde cerebral perfusion with microspheres, dye, or hydrogen clearance, flow distribution in real time is still undefined. We used MR perfusion imaging to monitor flow distribution in the brain during and after deep hypothermic circulatory(More)
In fMRI both model-led and exploratory data-driven methods are used to identify groups of voxels according to their correlation either with an external reference or with some similarity measure. Here we present a technique to assess intragroup homogeneity using Kendall's coefficient of concordance W once groups have been identified. We show that the(More)
Groups of time-courses created from fMRI data by the frequently used correlation analysis are often highly heterogeneous. This heterogeneity is due to the limited selectivity of correlation when trying to match brain time-courses to an externally imposed activation paradigm. Thus, this process unnecessarily generates many type I errors (false positives).(More)
Exploratory, data-driven analysis approaches such as cluster analysis, principal component analysis, independent component analysis, or neural network-based techniques are complementary to hypothesis-led methods. They may be considered as hypothesis generating methods. The representative time courses they produce may be viewed as alternative hypotheses to(More)