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Mouse CD1d1, a member of the CD1 family of evolutionarily conserved major histocompatibility antigen-like molecules, controls the differentiation and function of a T lymphocyte subset, NK1+ natural T cells, proposed to regulate immune responses. The CD1d1 crystal structure revealed a large hydrophobic binding site occupied by a ligand of unknown chemical(More)
Rare major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I-like CD1-specific T cells have been isolated from human blood, but it has not been determined whether these clones are part of a defined subset of CD1-specific T cells selected during T cell development, or whether their recognition of CD1 is a fortuitous cross-reaction. In mice, an entire subset of alpha(More)
CD1 molecules consist of beta 2-microglobulin (beta 2m) noncovalently complexed to a non-major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-encoded monomorphic integral membrane protein homologous to MHC class I alpha chains. Little is known about the requirements for cell surface expression and T cell recognition of CD1. We inserted the mouse CD1.1 gene into vaccinia(More)
The MHC class I-like CD1d glycoprotein is a member of the CD1 family of Ag-presenting molecules and is responsible for the selection of NKT cells. A number of ligands that can be presented by CD1d to NKT or other CD1d-restricted T cells have been identified. These include glycolipids from a marine sponge, bacterial glycolipids, normal endogenous(More)
Natural killer T (NKT) cells are a T-cell subpopulation known to possess immunoregulatory functions and recognize CD1d molecules. The majority of NKT cells express an invariant T-cell receptor (TCR) alpha chain rearrangement (Valpha14 Jalpha18 in mice; Valpha24 Jalpha18 in humans) and are called type I NKT cells; all other NKT cells are type II. In the(More)
Current knowledge of the processing of viral Ags into MHC class I-associated ligands is based almost completely on in vitro studies using nonprofessional APCs (pAPCs). This is two steps removed from real immune responses to pathogens and vaccines, in which pAPCs activate naive CD8(+) T cells in vivo. Rational vaccine design requires answers to numerous(More)
CD8 T cells can acquire cytokine-secreting phenotypes paralleling cytokine production from Th cells. IL-17-secreting CD8 T cells, termed Tc17 cells, were shown to promote inflammation and mediate immunity to influenza. However, most reports observed a lack of cytotoxic activity by Tc17 cells. In this study, we explored the anti-viral activity of Tc17 cells(More)
We have reported that lung allograft rejection involves an immune response to a native protein in the lung, type V collagen (col(V)), and that col(V)-induced oral tolerance prevented acute and chronic rejection. In support of these findings col(V) fragments were detected in allografts during rejection, but not in normal lungs. The purpose of the current(More)
CD1d1 is a member of a family of lipid Ag-presenting molecules. The cellular ligands associated with CD1d1 were isolated and characterized by biochemical means as an approach to elucidate the mechanism by which CD1 molecules assemble in vivo. Natural ligands of mouse CD1d1 included cellular phosphatidylinositol and phosphatidylinositol-glycans that are(More)
Natural killer T (NKT) cells, a unique subpopulation of T cells, coexpress markers also present on NK cells and recognize the major histocompatibility complex class I-like CD1d1 molecule. We studied the effect of an acute virus infection on NKT cells. Mice were infected with the nonhepatotropic Armstrong strain of lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV),(More)