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The Na ؉ ͞H ؉ exchanger regulatory factor (NHERF) binds to the tail of the ␤ 2-adrenergic receptor and plays a role in adrenergic regulation of Na ؉ ͞H ؉ exchange. NHERF contains two PDZ domains, the first of which is required for its interaction with the ␤ 2 receptor. Mutagenesis studies of the ␤ 2 receptor tail revealed that the optimal C-terminal motif(More)
The striatum is divided into two compartments named the patch (or striosome) and the matrix. Although these two compartments can be differentiated by their neurochemical content or afferent and efferent projections, the synaptology of inputs to these striatal regions remains poorly characterized. By using the vesicular glutamate transporters vGluT1 and(More)
G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs) mediate physiological responses to various ligands, such as hormones, neurotransmitters and sensory stimuli. The signalling and trafficking properties of GPCRs are often highly malleable depending on the cellular context. Such fine-tuning of GPCR function can be attributed in many cases to receptor-interacting proteins(More)
GPR37 (also known as Pael-R) and GPR37L1 are orphan G protein-coupled receptors that are almost exclusively expressed in the nervous system. We screened these receptors for potential activation by various orphan neuropeptides, and these screens yielded a single positive hit: prosaptide, which promoted the endocytosis of GPR37 and GPR37L1, bound to both(More)
The effects of cyclothiazide, a drug which blocks AMPA (alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid) receptor desensitization, were tested on binding of [3H]AMPA to rat brain membranes. Cyclothiazide reduced [3H]AMPA binding by lowering the apparent affinity of the AMPA receptor. The magnitude of the decrease was temperature dependent and(More)
The beta(1)-adrenergic receptor (beta(1)AR) is the most abundant subtype of beta-adrenergic receptor in the mammalian brain and is known to potently regulate synaptic plasticity. To search for potential neuronal beta(1)AR-interacting proteins, we screened a rat brain cDNA library using the beta(1)AR carboxyl terminus (beta(1)AR-CT) as bait in the yeast(More)
gamma-Aminobutyric acid, type B (GABA(B)) receptors are heterodimeric G protein-coupled receptors that mediate slow inhibitory synaptic transmission in the central nervous system. To identify novel interacting partners that might regulate GABA(B) receptor (GABA(B)R) functionality, we screened the GABA(B)R2 carboxyl terminus against a recently created(More)
Polyclonal antibodies against specific carboxy-terminal sequences of known alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionate (AMPA) receptor subunits (GluR-4) were used to screen regional homogenates and subcellular fractions from rat brain. Affinity purified anti-GluR1 (against amino acids 877-899), anti-GluR2/3 (850-862), and anti-GluR4a and(More)
The Na+/H+ exchanger regulatory factor 2 (NHERF-2) is a scaffold protein that regulates cellular signaling by forming protein complexes. Several proteins known to interact with NHERF-2 are abundantly expressed in the central nervous system, but little is known about NHERF-2 localization in the brain. By using immunohistochemistry combined with light and(More)
␤-and ␣ 2 –adrenergic receptors are known to exhibit substantial cross-talk and mutual regulation in tissues where they are expressed together. We have found that the ␤ 1-adrenergic receptor (␤ 1 AR) and ␣ 2A-adrenergic receptor (␣ 2A AR) heterodimerize when coexpressed in cells. Immunoprecipitation studies with differentially tagged ␤ 1 AR and ␣ 2A AR(More)