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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Recovery from hemiparesis due to corticospinal tract infarction is well documented, but the mechanism of recovery is unknown. Functional MRI (fMRI) provides a means of identifying focal brain activity related to movement of a paretic hand. Although prior studies have suggested that supplementary motor regions in the ipsilesional and(More)
BACKGROUND Whether brain imaging can identify patients who are most likely to benefit from therapies for acute ischemic stroke and whether endovascular thrombectomy improves clinical outcomes in such patients remains unclear. METHODS In this study, we randomly assigned patients within 8 hours after the onset of large-vessel, anterior-circulation strokes(More)
Hemineglect was assessed in 34 patients with right-hemisphere stroke using a letter-cancellation task and a line bisection task. No significant correlation (r = .39) was found between scores on the two tests. Ten patients who showed neglect on the cancellation task but performed normally on line bisection had frontal or deep lesions. Eleven patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Motor dysfunction in the contralateral hand has been well characterised after stroke. The ipsilateral hand has received less attention, yet may provide valuable insights into the structure of the motor system and the nature of the recovery process. By tracking motor function of both hands beginning in the acute stroke period in patients with(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Visual restoration therapy is a home-based treatment program intended to expand visual fields of hemianopic patients through repetitive stimulation of the borderzone adjacent to the blind field. We hypothesized that the training itself would induce visual field location-specific changes in the brain's response to stimuli, a(More)
BACKGROUND Motor recovery after stroke is predicted only moderately by clinical variables, implying that there is still a substantial amount of unexplained, biologically meaningful variability in recovery. Regression diagnostics can indicate whether this is associated simply with Gaussian error or instead with multiple subpopulations that vary in their(More)
OBJECTIVE To present the case of a man with progressive speech loss and other clinical features and diagnostic tests consistent with fronto-temporal dementia but whose postmortem neuropathologic findings revealed Alzheimer disease (AD). BACKGROUND Progressive apraxia of speech presents without true language abnormalities, usually seen with frontal lesions(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Most improvement from poststroke aphasia occurs within the first 3 months, but there remains unexplained variability in recovery. Recently, we reported a strong correlation between initial impairment and change scores in motor recovery at 90 days. We wanted to determine whether aphasia recovery (defined as a change from baseline to 90(More)
Cognitive impairment after stroke is common and can cause disability with major impacts on quality of life and independence. There are also indirect effects of cognitive impairment on functional recovery after stroke through reduced participation in rehabilitation and poor adherence to treatment guidelines. In this article, we attempt to establish the(More)
Rightward deviation on bisection of a horizontal line is well described in patients with right brain injury and left hemineglect. Because of the observation that hemineglect patients may bisect very short lines to the left of the true midpoint (the so-called crossover effect), additional models have been proposed to incorporate this finding into existing(More)