Randen L. Patterson

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The impact of calcium signalling on so many areas of cell biology reflects the crucial role of calcium signals in the control of diverse cellular functions. Despite the precision with which spatial and temporal details of calcium signals have been resolved, a fundamental aspect of the generation of calcium signals -- the activation of 'store-operated(More)
The elusive coupling between endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca2+ stores and plasma membrane (PM) "store-operated" Ca2+ entry channels was probed through a novel combination of cytoskeletal modifications. Whereas coupling was unaffected by disassembly of the actin cytoskeleton, in situ redistribution of F-actin into a tight cortical layer subjacent to the PM(More)
D-serine is a physiologic coagonist with glutamate at NMDA-subtype glutamate receptors. As D-serine is localized in glia, synaptically released glutamate presumably stimulates the glia to form and release D-serine, enabling glutamate/D-serine cotransmission. We show that serine racemase (SR), which generates D-serine from L-serine, is physiologically(More)
Both multiple sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis are problematic in the "twilight zone" of sequence similarity (≤ 25% amino acid identity). Herein we explore the accuracy of phylogenetic inference at extreme sequence divergence using a variety of simulated data sets. We evaluate four leading multiple sequence alignment (MSA) methods (MAFFT,(More)
Inferring evolutionary relationships among highly divergent protein sequences is a daunting task. In particular, when pairwise sequence alignments between protein sequences fall <25% identity, the phylogenetic relationships among sequences cannot be estimated with statistical certainty. Here, we show that phylogenetic profiles generated with the Gestalt(More)
Ca2+ is a universal signal: the dynamic changes in its release and entry trigger a plethora of cellular responses. Central to this schema are members of the phospholipase C (PLC) superfamily, which relay information from the activated receptor to downstream signal cascades by production of second-messenger molecules. Recent studies reveal that, in addition(More)
Developmental proteins play a pivotal role in the origin of animal complexity and diversity. We report here the identification of a highly divergent developmental protein superfamily (DANGER), which originated before the emergence of animals (approximately 850 million years ago) and experienced major expansion-contraction events during metazoan evolution.(More)
The sequence of amino acids in a protein is believed to determine its native state structure, which in turn is related to the functionality of the protein. In addition, information pertaining to evolutionary relationships is contained in homologous sequences. One powerful method for inferring these sequence attributes is through comparison of a query(More)
Death-associated protein kinase (DAPK) is a key player in multiple cell death signaling pathways. We report that DAPK is regulated by DANGER, a partial MAB-21 domain-containing protein. DANGER binds directly to DAPK and inhibits DAPK catalytic activity. DANGER-deficient mouse embryonic fibroblasts and neurons exhibit greater DAPK activity and increased(More)
Just as physicists strive to develop a TOE (theory of everything), which explains and unifies the physical laws of the universe, the life-scientist wishes to uncover the TOE as it relates to cellular systems. This can only be achieved with a quantitative platform that can comprehensively deduce and relate protein structure, functional, and evolution of(More)