Randen L. Patterson

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The elusive coupling between endoplasmic reticulum (ER) Ca2+ stores and plasma membrane (PM) "store-operated" Ca2+ entry channels was probed through a novel combination of cytoskeletal modifications. Whereas coupling was unaffected by disassembly of the actin cytoskeleton, in situ redistribution of F-actin into a tight cortical layer subjacent to the PM(More)
The impact of calcium signalling on so many areas of cell biology reflects the crucial role of calcium signals in the control of diverse cellular functions. Despite the precision with which spatial and temporal details of calcium signals have been resolved, a fundamental aspect of the generation of calcium signals -- the activation of 'store-operated(More)
We report here that PLC-gamma isoforms are required for agonist-induced Ca2+ entry (ACE). Overexpressed wild-type PLC-gamma1 or a lipase-inactive mutant PLC-gamma1 each augmented ACE in PC12 cells, while a deletion mutant lacking the region containing the SH3 domain of PLC-gamma1 was ineffective. RNA interference to deplete either PLC-gamma1 or PLC-gamma2(More)
TFII-I is a transcription factor and a target of phosphorylation by Bruton's tyrosine kinase. In humans, deletions spanning the TFII-I locus are associated with a cognitive defect, the Williams-Beuren cognitive profile. We report an unanticipated role of TFII-I outside the nucleus as a negative regulator of agonist-induced calcium entry (ACE) that(More)
Many ion channels are regulated by lipids, but prominent motifs for lipid binding have not been identified in most ion channels. Recently, we reported that phospholipase Cgamma1 (PLC-gamma1) binds to and regulates TRPC3 channels, components of agonist-induced Ca2+ entry into cells. This interaction requires a domain in PLC-gamma1 that includes a partial(More)
Both multiple sequence alignment and phylogenetic analysis are problematic in the "twilight zone" of sequence similarity (≤ 25% amino acid identity). Herein we explore the accuracy of phylogenetic inference at extreme sequence divergence using a variety of simulated data sets. We evaluate four leading multiple sequence alignment (MSA) methods (MAFFT,(More)
D-serine is a physiologic coagonist with glutamate at NMDA-subtype glutamate receptors. As D-serine is localized in glia, synaptically released glutamate presumably stimulates the glia to form and release D-serine, enabling glutamate/D-serine cotransmission. We show that serine racemase (SR), which generates D-serine from L-serine, is physiologically(More)
TRPC is a subfamily of Transient Receptor Potential channels that have the highest degree of homology to the Drosophila photoreceptors' TRP. TRPC open in response to stimulation of plasma membrane receptors that activate phospholipase C, triggering transmembrane Ca2+ influx. TRPC activity has been directly implicated in regulation of vascular tone, kidney(More)
Ca(2+) signals in response to receptors mediate and control countless cellular functions ranging from short-term responses such as secretion and contraction to longer-term regulation of growth, cell division and apoptosis. The spatial and temporal details of Ca(2+) signals have been resolved with great precision in many cells. Ca(2+) signals activated by(More)
Death-associated protein kinase (DAPK) is a key player in multiple cell death signaling pathways. We report that DAPK is regulated by DANGER, a partial MAB-21 domain-containing protein. DANGER binds directly to DAPK and inhibits DAPK catalytic activity. DANGER-deficient mouse embryonic fibroblasts and neurons exhibit greater DAPK activity and increased(More)