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We hypothesized that the administration of troglitazone, an insulin-sensitizing agent of the thiazolidinedione class, would improve the ovulatory dysfunction, hirsutism, hyperandrogenemia, and hyperinsulinemia of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients. Four hundred and ten premenopausal women with PCOS in a multicenter, double blind trial were randomly(More)
We performed this study to investigate the hypothesis that insulin resistance plays a role in the pathogenesis of reproductive abnormalities in women with the polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Twenty-five women with PCOS were enrolled in a double-blind randomized 3-month trial of two doses of the insulin-sensitizing agent, troglitazone, 21 of whom completed(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if the combination of troglitazone (a peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma activator) and sulfonylurea will provide efficacy not attainable by either medication alone. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS There were 552 patients inadequately controlled on maximum doses of sulfonylurea who participated in a 52-week randomized(More)
The precise sites of action of the negative feed-back effects of gonadal steroids in men remain unclear. To determine whether testosterone (T) administration can suppress gonadotropin secretion directly at the level of the pituitary, the pituitary responses to physiological doses of GnRH were assessed in six men with complete GnRH deficiency, whose(More)
Adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) and adrenomyeloneuropathy are inherited disorders in which long-chain, saturated fatty acids (LCFA) accumulate in various tissues. A mechanism by which LCFA cause the endocrine and neurological dysfunction characteristic of these diseases is proposed based on in vitro response of human adrenocortical cells to ACTH in the presence(More)
Troglitazone is a thiazolidinedione under development for the treatment of NIDDM and potentially other insulin-resistant disease states. Treatment with troglitazone is associated with an improvement in hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, and insulin-mediated glucose disposal. No significant side effects have been observed in humans. Because of reported cardiac(More)
Although prior studies have suggested that estrogens exert their negative feedback effect at the pituitary level in men, these conclusions have been based on models that evaluate changes in LH pulse amplitude and frequency and, therefore, only provide indirect information concerning the site of action of estrogens. To assess whether estradiol (E2) inhibits(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the efficacy and local tolerance of a new matrix transdermal drug-delivery system that delivers 0.02 mg of 17 beta-estradiol (E2) daily for 7 days for the relief of vasomotor symptoms. METHODS A total of 324 surgically or naturally menopausal women, all with prior hysterectomy and moderate to severe vasomotor symptoms (56-140 hot(More)