Randall Schumacker

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Throughout the mid to late 1970's considerable research was conducted on the properties of Rasch fit mean squares. This work culminated in a variety of transformations to convert the mean squares into approximate t-statistics. This work was primarily motivated by the influence sample size has on the magnitude of the mean squares and the desire to have a(More)
The aim of this study was to develop and test the practical utility of a perceived recovery status (PRS) scale. Sixteen volunteers (8 men, 8 women) performed 4 bouts of high-intensity intermittent sprint exercise. After completion of the baseline trial, in a repeated-measures design, subjects were given variable counterbalanced recovery periods of 24, 48,(More)
This study examined heat stress, heart rate (HR), fluid balance, micro-environment temperature and humidity with Islamic athletic clothing (IC) compared to traditional soccer uniform (SC). Ratings of perceived exertion (RPE), session RPE (S-RPE), comfort, and cooling response were also examined. Female volunteers (N = 8) completed a treadmill $$(More)
A Monte Carlo simulation study investigated the effect of scoring format, item parameterization, threshold configuration, and prior ability distribution on the accuracy of ability estimation given various IRT models. Item response data on 30 items from 1,000 examinees was simulated using known item parameters and ability estimates. The item response data(More)
This study examined the separate effects of caffeine and menthol on cognition and mood during simulated firefighting in the heat. Participants (N = 10) performed three trials in a counterbalanced order, either with 400 mg caffeine, menthol lozenges, or placebo. The simulated firefighting consisted of 2 bouts of 20-min treadmill exercise and one bout of(More)
A Monte Carlo study was conducted using simulated dichotomous data to determine the effects of guessing on Rasch item fit statistics (weighted total, unweighted total, and unweighted between fit statistics) and the Logit Residual Index (LRI). The data were simulated using 100 items, 100 persons, three levels of guessing (0%, 25%, and 50%), and two item(More)
In order to test the assumption that mathematically talented students show little mathematics anxiety, students participating in an early entrance to college program for talented students were asked to complete the Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale. Results indicated that these talented students were less math anxious than most unselected college students.(More)
The purpose of these investigations was to examine the influence of a device intended to " modify posture " and its influence on sports performance. We investigated the impact of a hand-grip device (e3 Fitness Grips, BioGrip, Sacramento, CA) designed to put the human skeleton in a " more favorable anatomical position, " on 3.2-kilometer (2-mile) running(More)