Randall Schumacker

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The aim of this study was to develop and test the practical utility of a perceived recovery status (PRS) scale. Sixteen volunteers (8 men, 8 women) performed 4 bouts of high-intensity intermittent sprint exercise. After completion of the baseline trial, in a repeated-measures design, subjects were given variable counterbalanced recovery periods of 24, 48,(More)
Throughout the mid to late 1970's considerable research was conducted on the properties of Rasch fit mean squares. This work culminated in a variety of transformations to convert the mean squares into approximate t-statistics. This work was primarily motivated by the influence sample size has on the magnitude of the mean squares and the desire to have a(More)
This study examined heat stress, heart rate (HR), fluid balance, micro-environment temperature and humidity with Islamic athletic clothing (IC) compared to traditional soccer uniform (SC). Ratings of perceived exertion (RPE), session RPE (S-RPE), comfort, and cooling response were also examined. Female volunteers (N = 8) completed a treadmill $$(More)
This study examined the separate effects of caffeine and menthol on cognition and mood during simulated firefighting in the heat. Participants (N = 10) performed three trials in a counterbalanced order, either with 400 mg caffeine, menthol lozenges, or placebo. The simulated firefighting consisted of 2 bouts of 20-min treadmill exercise and one bout of(More)
The present study aimed to develop a short form of the Spanish version of the Nottingham Health Profile (NHP) by means of Rasch analysis. Dala from several Spanish studies that induded the NHP sinee 1987 were collccted in a common database. Forty-five different sludies were included, covering a total of 9,419 suhjccts both from the general population and(More)
A Monte Carlo study was conducted using simulated dichotomous data to determine the effects of guessing on Rasch item fit statistics (weighted total, unweighted total, and unweighted between fit statistics) and the Logit Residual Index (LRI). The data were simulated using 100 items, 100 persons, three levels of guessing (0%, 25%, and 50%), and two item(More)
In order to test the assumption that mathematically talented students show little mathematics anxiety, students participating in an early entrance to college program for talented students were asked to complete the Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale. Results indicated that these talented students were less math anxious than most unselected college students.(More)
The study investigated five factors which can affect the equating of scores from two tests onto a common score scale. The five factors studied were: (a) distribution type programs were used for the simulation and equating of4,860 test item data sets, respectively, and were automated by using a QUICKBASIC program. Results from the five-way fixed effects(More)