Randall Schumacker

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Throughout the mid to late 1970's considerable research was conducted on the properties of Rasch fit mean squares. This work culminated in a variety of transformations to convert the mean squares into approximate t-statistics. This work was primarily motivated by the influence sample size has on the magnitude of the mean squares and the desire to have a(More)
AIM This study investigated the effects of gender on repeated, maximal-intensity intermittent sprint exercise following variable day-to-day recovery periods. METHODS Sixteen volunteers (8 men, 8 women) performed four trials of high-intensity intermittent sprint exercise consisting of three bouts of eight 30 m sprints (total of 24 sprints). Following(More)
The aim of this study was to develop and test the practical utility of a perceived recovery status (PRS) scale. Sixteen volunteers (8 men, 8 women) performed 4 bouts of high-intensity intermittent sprint exercise. After completion of the baseline trial, in a repeated-measures design, subjects were given variable counterbalanced recovery periods of 24, 48,(More)
Many-facet Rasch analysis provides the bases for making fair and meaningful decisions from individual ratings by judges on tasks. The typical measurement design employed in a many-facet Rasch analysis has judges crossed with other facets or conditions of measurement. A nested design does not permit facets to be compared. However, a mixed design can be used(More)
The different chi-square statistics reported in the many-faceted Rasch model analysis are presented and interpreted. In addition, other chi-square summary values are computed and presented for interpretation of facets. The chi-square values are useful for determining: (1) the significance of a facet in the Rasch model; (2) the significant contribution of(More)
This study examined heat stress, heart rate (HR), fluid balance, micro-environment temperature and humidity with Islamic athletic clothing (IC) compared to traditional soccer uniform (SC). Ratings of perceived exertion (RPE), session RPE (S-RPE), comfort, and cooling response were also examined. Female volunteers (N = 8) completed a treadmill $$(More)
This study examined the separate effects of caffeine and menthol on cognition and mood during simulated firefighting in the heat. Participants (N = 10) performed three trials in a counterbalanced order, either with 400 mg caffeine, menthol lozenges, or placebo. The simulated firefighting consisted of 2 bouts of 20-min treadmill exercise and one bout of(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the results and interpretation of the data from a performance examination when four methods of analysis are used. Methods are 1) traditional summary statistics, 2) inter-judge correlations, 3) generalizability theory, and 4) the multi-facet Rasch model. Results indicated that similar sources of variance were(More)
This study tested the effectiveness of a carbon dioxide cooling device in reducing heat strain for workers in a hot and humid environment. Ten participants completed two trials in an environment of 30 degrees C WBGT (75% relative humidity) with a novel liquid carbon dioxide cooling shirt (CC) or no cooling (NC) in a randomized order. Mean time-weighted(More)